Scheme & Syllabus - VTU - [PDF Document] (2024)

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Sl. No

Subject Code

Title Teaching


Teaching Hours /Week Examination

Theory Practical/ Drawing


I.A. Marks

Theory/ Practical Marks

Total Marks

1 10MAT31 Engg. Mathematics - III Mat 04 03 25 100 125 2 10ES32 Analog Electronic Ckts @ 04 03 25 100 125 3 10ES33 Logic Design @ 04 03 25 100 125 4 10ES34 Network Analysis @ 04 03 25 100 125 5 10IT35 Electronic Instrumentation @ 04 03 25 100 125 6 10ES36 Field Theory @ 04 03 25 100 125 7 10ESL37 Analog Electronics Lab @ 03 03 25 50 75 8 10ESL38 Logic Design Lab @ 03 03 25 50 75

TOTAL 24 06 24 200 700 900

Note : @ indicates concerned discipline. ES ( for theory) & ECL ( for Lab) in the subject code indicates that the subject is common to electrical and electronics stream consisting of EE/EC/IT/TC/ML/BM branches of engineering.

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Sl. No

Subject Code

Title Teaching


Teaching Hours /Week


Theory Practical/Drawing


I.A. Marks

Theory/ Practical Marks

Total Marks

1 10MAT 41 Engg. Mathematics – IV Mat 04 03 25 100 125 2 10ES 42 Microcontrollers @ 04 03 25 100 125 3 10ES43 Control Systems @ 04 03 25 100 125 4 10EC 44 Signals & Systems @ 04 03 25 100 125 5 10EC45 Fundamentals of HDL @ 04 03 25 100 125 6 10EC46 Linear ICs & Applications @ 04 03 25 100 125 7 10ESL47 Microcontrollers Lab @ 03 03 25 50 75 8 10ECL48 HDL Lab @ 03 03 25 50 75

TOTAL 24 06 24 200 700 900 Note : @ indicates concerned discipline. ES ( for theory) & ECL ( for Lab) in the subject code indicates that the subject is common to electrical and electronics stream consisting of EE/EC/IT/TC/ML/BM branches of engineering.

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(Common to EC/TC) V SEMESTER

Sl. No

Subject Code

Title Teaching


Teaching Hours /Week


Theory Practical/Drawing


I.A. Marks

Theory/ Practical Marks

Total Marks

1 10AL51

Management and Entrepreneurship @ 4 - 3 25 100 125

2 10EC52 Digital Signal Processing EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 3 10EC53 Analog Communication EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 4 10EC54 Microwaves and Radar EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 5

10EC55 Information Theory & Coding

EC 4 - 3 25 100 125

6 10EC56

Fundamentals of CMOS VLSI

EC 4 - 3 25 100 125

7 10ECL57 DSP Lab EC - 3 3 25 50 75 8

10ECL58 Analog Communication Lab + LIC Lab

EC - 3 3 25 50 75

TOTAL 24 06 24 200 700 900 @- Any Engineering department or department of Business study.

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Sl. No

Subject Code

Title Teaching


Teaching Hours /Week Examination

Theory Practical/Drawing


I.A. Marks

Theory/ Practical Marks

Total Marks

1 10EC61 Digital Communication EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 2 10EC62 Microprocessors EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 3 10EC63 Microelectronics Circuits EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 4 10EC64 Antennas and Propagation EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 5 10EC65 Operating Systems EC 4 3 25 100 125 6 10EC66x Elective-I (Group A) EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 7

10ECL67 Advanced Communication Lab

EC - 3 3 25 50 75

8 10ECL68 Microprocessor Lab EC - 3 3 25 50 75 TOTAL 24 06 24 200 700 900

Elective – I (Group A) 10EC661 Analog and Mixed Mode VLSI Design 10EC664 Low Power VLSI Design 10EC662 Satellite Communications 10EC665 Data Structure Using C++ 10EC663 Random Process 10EC666 Digital System Design Using Verilog 10EC667 Virtual Instrumentation

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Sl. No

Subject Code

Title Teaching Dept.

Teaching Hours /Week Examination

Theory Practical/Drawing


I.A. Marks

Theory/ Practical Marks

Total Marks

1 10EC71 Computer Communication Networks EC 4 - 3 25 100 125

2 10EC72 Optical Fiber Communication EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 3 10EC73 Power Electronics EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 4 10EC74 Embedded System Design EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 5 10EC75x Elective-II (Group B) EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 6 10EC76x Elective-III (Group C) EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 7 10ECL77 VLSI Lab EC - 3 3 25 50 75 8 10ECL78 Power Electronics Lab EC - 3 3 25 50 75

TOTAL 24 06 24 200 700 900 Elective – II (Group B) Elective – III (Group C) 10EC751 DSP Algorithms & Architecture 10EC761 Programming in C++ 10EC752 Micro and Smart Systems Technology 10EC762 Real Time Systems 10EC753 Artificial Neural Network 10EC763 Image Processing 10EC754 CAD for VLSI 10EC764 Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits 10EC755 Applied Embedded System Design* 10EC765 Wavelet Transforms 10EC756 Speech Processing 10EC766 Modeling and Simulation of Data Networks

NOTE: * 06EC755 Applied Embedded System Design has a LAB component (syllabus is different and in the Theory Examination, questions from Lab experiments will also be there. )

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Sl. No

Subject Code

Title Teaching


Teaching Hours /Week


Theory Practical/Drawing


I.A. Marks

Theory/ Practical Marks

Total Marks

1 10EC81 Wireless Communication EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 2 10EC82 Digital Switching Systems EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 3 10EC83x Elective-IV (Group D) EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 4 10EC84x Elective-V (Group E) EC 4 - 3 25 100 125 5 10ECP85 Project Work EC - 6 3 100 100 200 6 10ECS86 Seminar EC - 3 - 50 - 50

TOTAL 16 09 15 250 500 750

Elective – IV (Group D) Elective – V (Group E) 10EC831 Distributed Systems 10EE841 Multimedia Communication 10EC832 Network Security 10EC842 Real Time Operating Systems 10EC833 Optical Networks 10EC843 GSM 10EC834 High Performance Computing Networks 10EC844 Ad-hoc Wireless Networks 10EC835 Internet Engineering 10EC845 Optical Computing

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Sub Code : 10MAT31 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT-1 Fourier series Convergence and divergence of infinite series of positive terms, definition and illustrative examples* Periodic functions, Dirichlet’s conditions, Fourier series of periodic functions of period and arbitrary period, half range Fourier series. Complex form of Fourier Series. Practical harmonic analysis.

7 Hours UNIT-2 Fourier Transforms Infinite Fourier transform, Fourier Sine and Cosine transforms, properties, Inverse transforms

6 Hours UNIT-3 Application of PDE Various possible solutions of one dimensional wave and heat equations, two dimensional Laplace’s equation by the method of separation of variables, Solution of all these equations with specified boundary conditions. D’Alembert’s solution of one dimensional wave equation.

6 Hours UNIT-4 Curve Fitting and Optimisation Curve fitting by the method of least squares- Fitting of curves of the form

,y ax b= + 2 ,y a x b x c= + + , y bx by a e ax= =

Optimization: Linear programming, mathematical formulation of linear programming problem (LPP), Graphical method and simplex method.

7 Hours PART-B

UNIT-5 Numerical Methods - 1 Numerical Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations: Regula-falsi method, Newton - Raphson method. Iterative methods of solution of a system

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of equations: Gauss-seidel and Relaxation methods. Largest eigen value and the corresponding eigen vector by Rayleigh’s power method.

6 Hours UNIT-6 Numerical Methods – 2 Finite differences: Forward and backward differences, Newton’s forward and backward interpolation formulae. Divided differences - Newton’s divided difference formula, Lagrange’s interpolation formula and inverse interpolation formula. Numerical integration: Simpson’s one-third, three-eighth and Weddle’s rules (All formulae/rules without proof)

7 Hours UNIT-7 Numerical Methods – 3 Numerical solutions of PDE – finite difference approximation to derivatives, Numerical solution of two dimensional Laplace’s equation, one dimensional heat and wave equations

7 Hours UNIT-8 Difference Equations and Z-Transorms Difference equations: Basic definition; Z-transforms – definition, standard Z-transforms, damping rule, shifting rule, initial value and final value theorems. Inverse Z-transform. Application of Z-transforms to solve difference equations.

6 Hours Note: * In the case of illustrative examples, questions are not to be set. TEXT BOOKS:

1. B.S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Khanna Publishers.

2. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Wiley Publications.


1. B.V. Ramana, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Tata Mc. Graw Hill Publications.

2. Peter V. O’Neil, Engineering Mathematics, CENGAGE Learning India Pvt Ltd.Publishers.

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Sub Code : 10ES32 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1: Diode Circuits: Diode Resistance, Diode equivalent circuits, Transition and diffusion capacitance, Reverse recovery time, Load line analysis, Rectifiers, Clippers and clampers. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Transistor Biasing: Operating point, Fixed bias circuits, Emitter stabilized biased circuits, Voltage divider biased, DC bias with voltage feedback, Miscellaneous bias configurations, Design operations, Transistor switching networks, PNP transistors, Bias stabilization. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Transistor at Low Frequencies: BJT transistor modeling, CE Fixed bias configuration, Voltage divider bias, Emitter follower, CB configuration, Collector feedback configuration, Analysis of circuits re model; analysis of CE configuration using h- parameter model; Relationship between h-parameter model of CE,CC and CE configuration. 7 Hours UNIT 4: Transistor Frequency Response: General frequency considerations, low frequency response, Miller effect capacitance, High frequency response, multistage frequency effects. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT 5: (a) General Amplifiers: Cascade connections, Cascode connections, Darlington connections. 3 Hours (b) Feedback Amplifier: Feedback concept, Feedback connections type, Practical feedback circuits. Design procedures for the feedback amplifiers. 4 Hours

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UNIT 6: Power Amplifiers: Definitions and amplifier types, series fed class A amplifier, Transformer coupled Class A amplifiers, Class B amplifier operations, Class B amplifier circuits, Amplifier distortions. Designing of Power amplifiers. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Oscillators: Oscillator operation, Phase shift Oscillator, Wienbridge Oscillator, Tuned Oscillator circuits, Crystal Oscillator. (BJT Version Only) Simple design methods of Oscillators. 6 Hours UNIT 8: FET Amplifiers: FET small signal model, Biasing of FET, Common drain common gate configurations, MOSFETs, FET amplifier networks.

6 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory”, Robert L. Boylestad and Louis Nashelsky, PHI/Pearson Eduication. 9TH Edition.


1. ‘Integrated Electronics’, Jacob Millman & Christos C. Halkias, Tata - McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition, 2010

2. “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, David A. Bell, PHI, 4th Edition, 2004

3. “Analog Electronics Circuits: A Simplified Approach” , U.B. Mahadevaswamy, Pearson/Saguine, 2007.


Sub Code : 10ES33 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1: Principles of combinational logic-1: Definition of combinational logic, Canonical forms, Generation of switching equations from truth tables,

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Karnaugh maps-3, 4 and 5 variables, Incompletely specified functions (Don’t Care terms), Simplifying Max term equations. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Principles of combinational Logic-2: Quine-McCluskey minimization technique- Quine-McCluskey using don’t care terms, Reduced Prime Implicant Tables, Map entered variables. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Analysis and design of combinational logic - I: General approach, Decoders-BCD decoders, Encoders. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Analysis and design of combinational logic - II: Digital multiplexers- Using multiplexers as Boolean function generators. Adders and subtractors-Cascading full adders, Look ahead carry, Binary comparators. Design methods of building blocks of combinational logics. 7 Hours


UNIT 5: Sequential Circuits – 1: Basic Bistable Element, Latches, SR Latch,

Application of SR Latch, A Switch Debouncer, The �S �R Latch, The gated

SR Latch, The gated D Latch, The Master-Slave Flip-Flops (Pulse-Triggered Flip-Flops): The Master-Slave SR Flip-Flops, The Master-Slave JK Flip-Flop, Edge Triggered Flip-Flop: The Positive Edge-Triggered D Flip-Flop, Negative-Edge Triggered D Flip-Flop. 7 Hours

UNIT 6: Sequential Circuits – 2: Characteristic Equations, Registers, Counters - Binary Ripple Counters, Synchronous Binary counters, Counters based on Shift Registers, Design of a Synchronous counters, Design of a Synchronous Mod-6 Counter using clocked JK Flip-Flops Design of a Synchronous Mod-6 Counter using clocked D, T, or SR Flip-Flops 7 Hours

UNIT 7: Sequential Design - I: Introduction, Mealy and Moore Models, State Machine Notation, Synchronous Sequential Circuit Analysis and Design. 6 Hours

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UNIT 8: Sequential Design - II: Construction of state Diagrams, Counter Design. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. “Digital Logic Applications and Design”, John M Yarbrough,

Thomson Learning, 2001. 2. “Digital Principles and Design “, Donald D Givone, Tata McGraw Hill

Edition, 2002. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Fundamentals of logic design”, Charles H Roth, Jr; Thomson

Learning, 2004. 2. “Logic and computer design Fundamentals”, Mono and Kim,

Pearson, Second edition, 2001. 3. “Logic Design”, Sudhakar Samuel, Pearson/Saguine, 2007


Sub Code : 10ES34 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1: Basic Concepts: Practical sources, Source transformations, Network reduction using Star – Delta transformation, Loop and node analysis With linearly dependent and independent sources for DC and AC networks, Concepts of super node and super mesh. 7 Hours UNIT 2: Network Topology: Graph of a network, Concept of tree and co-tree, incidence matrix, tie-set, tie-set and cut-set schedules, Formulation of equilibrium equations in matrix form, Solution of resistive networks, Principle of duality. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Network Theorems – 1: Superposition, Reciprocity and Millman’s theorems. 6 Hours

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UNIT 4: Network Theorems - II: Thevinin’s and Norton’s theorems; Maximum Power transfer theorem . 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT 5: Resonant Circuits: Series and parallel resonance, frequency-response of series and Parallel circuits, Q –factor, Bandwidth.

7 Hours UNIT 6: Transient behavior and initial conditions: Behavior of circuit elements under switching condition and their Representation, evaluation of initial and final conditions in RL, RC and RLC circuits for AC and DC excitations. 7 Hours

UNIT 7: Laplace Transformation & Applications : Solution of networks, step, ramp and impulse responses, waveform Synthesis. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Two port network parameters: Definition of z, y, h and transmission parameters, modeling with these parameters, relationship between parameters sets. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. “Network Analysis”, M. E. Van Valkenburg, PHI / Pearson Education,

3rd Edition. Reprint 2002. 2. “Networks and systems”, Roy Choudhury, 2nd edition, 2006 re-print,

New Age International Publications. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Engineering Circuit Analysis”, Hayt, Kemmerly and DurbinTMH 7th

Edition, 2010 2. “Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis” , J. David Irwin / R. Mark

Nelms, John Wiley, 8th ed, 2006. 3. 3.“ Fundamentals of Electric Circuits” , Charles K Alexander and

Mathew N O Sadiku, Tata McGraw-Hill, 3 ed, 2009.

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Sub Code : 10IT35 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT – 1: Introduction (a) Measurement Errors: Gross errors and systematic errors, Absolute and relative errors, Accuracy, Precision, Resolution and Significant figures. (b) Voltmeters and Multimeters Introduction, Multirange voltmeter, Extending voltmeter ranges, Loading, AC voltmeter using Rectifiers – Half wave and full wave, Peak responding and True RMS voltmeters. 3 + 4 Hours

UNIT – 2: Digital Instruments Digital Voltmeters – Introduction, DVM’s based on V – T, V – F and Successive approximation principles, Resolution and sensitivity, General specifications, Digital Multi-meters, Digital frequency meters, Digital measurement of time. 6 Hours UNIT – 3: Oscilloscopes Introduction, Basic principles, CRT features, Block diagram and working of each block, Typical CRT connections, Dual beam and dual trace CROs, Electronic switch. 6 Hours UNIT – 4: Special Oscilloscopes Delayed time-base oscilloscopes, Analog storage, Sampling and Digital storage oscilloscopes. 6 Hours


UNIT – 5: Signal Generators Introduction, Fixed and variable AF oscillator, Standard signal generator, Laboratory type signal generator, AF sine and Square wave generator,

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Function generator, Square and Pulse generator, Sweep frequency generator, Frequency synthesizer. 6 Hours

UNIT – 6: Measurement of resistance, inductance and capacitance Whetstone’s bridge, Kelvin Bridge; AC bridges, Capacitance Comparison Bridge, Maxwell’s bridge, Wein’s bridge, Wagner’s earth connection 5 Hours UNIT – 7: Transducers - I Introduction, Electrical transducers, Selecting a transducer, Resistive transducer, Resistive position transducer, Strain gauges, Resistance thermometer, Thermistor, Inductive transducer, Differential output transducers and LVDT. 6 Hours UNIT – 8: Miscellaneous Topics (a) Transducers - II –Piezoelectric transducer, Photoelectric transducer, Photovoltaic transducer, Semiconductor photo devices, Temperature transducers-RTD, Thermocouple . (b) Display devices: Digital display system, classification of display, Display devices, LEDs, LCD displays. (c) Bolometer and RF power measurement using Bolometer (d) Introduction to Signal conditioning. (e) Introduction to LabView. 10 Hours

TEXT BOOKS: 1. “Electronic Instrumentation”, H. S. Kalsi, TMH, 3rd 2010. 2. “Electronic Instrumentation and Measurements”, David A Bell, PHI

/ Pearson Education, 2006. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Principles of measurement systems”, John P. Beately, 3rd Edition,

Pearson Education, 2000 2. “Modern electronic instrumentation and measuring techniques”,

Cooper D & A D Helfrick, PHI, 1998. 3. Electronics & electrical measurements, A K Sawhney, , Dhanpat Rai

& sons, 9th edition.

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(Common to EC/TC/ML/EE) Sub Code : 10ES36 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1: a. Coulomb’s Law and electric field intensity: Experimental law of Coulomb, Electric field intensity, Field due to continuous volume charge distribution, Field of a line charge. 3 Hours b. Electric flux density, Gauss’ law and divergence: Electric flux density, Gauss’ law, Divergence, Maxwell’s First equation(Electrostatics), vector

operator ∇ and divergence theorem. 3 Hours

UNIT 2: a. Energy and potential : Energy expended in moving a point charge in an electric field, The line integral, Definition of potential difference and Potential, The potential field of a point charge and system of charges, Potential gradient , Energy density in an electrostatic field. 4 Hours

b. Conductors, dielectrics and capacitance: Current and current density, Continuity of current, metallic conductors, Conductor properties and boundary conditions, boundary conditions for perfect Dielectrics, capacitance and examples. 4 Hours

UNIT 3: Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations: Derivations of Poisson’s and Laplace’s Equations, Uniqueness theorem, Examples of the solutions of Laplace’s and Poisson’s equations. 6 Hours

UNIT 4: The steady magnetic field: Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s circuital law, Curl, Stokes’ theorem, magnetic flux and flux density, scalar and Vector magnetic potentials. 6 Hours

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UNIT 5: a. Magnetic forces: Force on a moving charge and differential current element, Force between differential current elements, Force and torque on a closed circuit. 4 Hours

b. Magnetic materials and inductance: Magnetization and permeability, Magnetic boundary conditions, Magnetic circuit, Potential energy and forces on magnetic materials, Inductance and Mutual Inductance. 4 Hours

UNIT 6: Time varying fields and Maxwell’s equations: Faraday’s law, displacement current, Maxwell’s equation in point and Integral form, retarded potentials. 6 Hours

UNIT 7: Uniform plane wave: Wave propagation in free space and dielectrics, Poynting’s theorem and wave power, propagation in good conductors – (skin effect). 6 Hours

UNIT 8: Plane waves at boundaries and in dispersive media: Reflection of uniform plane waves at normal incidence, SWR, Plane wave propagation in general directions. 6 Hours TEXT BOOK: 1. “Engineering Electromagnetics”, William H Hayt Jr. and John A Buck,

Tata McGraw-Hill, 7th edition, 2006. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Electromagnetics with Applications”, John Krauss and Daniel A

Fleisch, McGraw-Hill, 5th edition, 1999. 2. “Electromagnetic Waves And Radiating Systems,” Edward C. Jordan

and Keith G Balmain, Prentice – Hall of India / Pearson Education, 2nd edition, 1968.Reprint 2002.

3. “Field and Wave Electromagnetics”, David K Cheng, Pearson Education Asia, 2nd edition, - 1989, Indian Reprint – 2001.

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(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML) Sub Code : 10ESL37 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 NOTE: Use the Discrete components to test the circuits. LabView can be used for the verification and testing along with the above. 1. Wiring of RC coupled Single stage FET & BJT amplifier and determination of the gain-frequency response, input and output impedances. 2. Wiring of BJT Darlington Emitter follower with and without bootstrapping and determination of the gain, input and output impedances (Single circuit) (One Experiment) 3. Wiring of a two stage BJT Voltage series feed back amplifier and determination of the gain, Frequency response, input and output impedances with and without feedback (One Experiment) 4. Wiring and Testing for the performance of BJT-RC Phase shift Oscillator for f0 ≤ 10 KHz 5. Testing for the performance of BJT – Hartley & Colpitts Oscillators for RF range f0 ≥100KHz. 6. Testing for the performance of BJT -Crystal Oscillator for f0 > 100 KHz 7 Testing of Diode clipping (Single/Double ended) circuits for peak clipping, peak detection 8. Testing of Clamping circuits: positive clamping /negative clamping. 9. Testing of a transformer less Class – B push pull power amplifier and determination of its conversion efficiency. 10. Testing of Half wave, Full wave and Bridge Rectifier circuits with and without Capacitor filter. Determination of ripple factor, regulation and efficiency 11. Verification of Thevinin’s Theorem and Maximum Power Transfer theorem for DC Circuits. 12. Characteristics of Series and Parallel resonant circuits.

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Sub Code : 10ESL38 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 NOTE: Use discrete components to test and verify the logic gates. LabView can be used for designing the gates along with the above. 1. Simplification, realization of Boolean expressions using logic

gates/Universal gates. 2. Realization of Half/Full adder and Half/Full Subtractors using logic

gates. 3. (i) Realization of parallel adder/Subtractors using 7483 chip (ii) BCD to Excess-3 code conversion and vice versa. 4. Realization of Binary to Gray code conversion and vice versa 5. MUX/DEMUX – use of 74153, 74139 for arithmetic circuits and code

converter. 6. Realization of One/Two bit comparator and study of 7485 magnitude

comparator. 7. Use of a) Decoder chip to drive LED display and b) Priority encoder. 8. Truth table verification of Flip-Flops: (i) JK Master slave (ii) T type and

(iii) D type. 9. Realization of 3 bit counters as a sequential circuit and MOD – N

counter design (7476, 7490, 74192, 74193). 10. Shift left; Shift right, SIPO, SISO, PISO, PIPO operations using 74S95. 11. Wiring and testing Ring counter/Johnson counter.

12. Wiring and testing of Sequence generator.

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ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS - IV Sub Code : 10MAT41 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1: Numerical Methods Numerical solutions of first order and first degree ordinary differential equations – Taylor’s series method, Modified Euler’s method, Runge – Kutta method of fourth order, Milne’s and Adams-Bashforth predictor and corrector methods (All formulae without Proof). UNIT 2: Complex Variables Function of a complex variable, Limit, Continuity Differentiability – Definitions. Analytic functions, Cauchy – Riemann equations in cartesian and polar forms, Properties of analytic functions. Conformal Transformation – Definition. Discussion of transformations: W = z2, W = ez, W = z + (I/z), z ≠ 0 Bilinear transformations.

UNIT 3: Complex Integration Complex line integrals, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula. Taylor’s and Laurent’s series (Statements only) Singularities, Poles, Residues, Cauchy’s residue theorem (statement only). UNIT 4: Series solution of Ordinary Differential Equations and Special Functions Series solution – Frobenius method, Series solution of Bessel’s D.E. leading to Bessel function of fist kind. Equations reducible to Bessel’s D.E., Series solution of Legendre’s D.E. leading to Legendre Polynomials. Rodirgue’s formula.


UNIT 5: Statistical Methods Curve fitting by the method of least squares: y = a + bx, y = a + bx + cx2, y = axb y = abx, y = aebx, Correlation and Regression.

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Probability: Addition rule, Conditional probability, Multiplication rule, Baye’s theorem. UNIT 6: Random Variables (Discrete and Continuous) p.d.f., c.d.f. Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions.

UNIT 7: Sampling, Sampling distribution, Standard error. Testing of hypothesis for means. Confidence limits for means, Student’s t distribution, Chi-square distribution as a test of goodness of fit.

UNIT 8: Concept of joint probability – Joint probability distribution, Discrete and Independent random variables. Expectation, Covariance, Correlation coefficient. Probability vectors, Stochastic matrices, Fixed points, Regular stochastic matrices. Markov chains, Higher transition probabilities. Stationary distribution of regular Markov chains and absorbing states. TEXT BOOK: 1. Higher Engineering Mathematics by Dr. B.S. Grewal, 36th Edn. Kanna

Publications. 2. Probability by Seymour Lipschutz (Schaum’s series). REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Higher Engineering Mathematics by B.V. Ramana (Tata-Macgraw

Hill). 2. Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics by Glyn James –

Pearson Education.

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(Common to EC/TC/EE/IT/BM/ML) Sub Code : 10ES42 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 : Microprocessors and microcontroller. Introduction, Microprocessors and Microcontrollers, RISC & CISC CPU Architectures, Harvard & Von-Neumann CPU architecture, Computer software. The 8051 Architecture: Introduction, Architecture of 8051, Pin diagram of 8051, Memory organization, External Memory interfacing, Stacks. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Addressing Modes: Introduction, Instruction syntax, Data types, Subroutines, Addressing modes: Immediate addressing , Register addressing, Direct addressing, Indirect addressing, relative addressing, Absolute addressing, Long addressing, Indexed addressing, Bit inherent addressing, bit direct addressing. Instruction set: Instruction timings, 8051 instructions: Data transfer instructions, Arithmetic instructions, Logical instructions, Branch instructions, Subroutine instructions, Bit manipulation instruction.

6 Hours UNIT 3 : 8051 programming: Assembler directives, Assembly language programs and Time delay calculations. 6 Hours UNIT 4 : 8051 Interfacing and Applications: Basics of I/O concepts, I/O Port Operation, Interfacing 8051 to LCD, Keyboard, parallel and serial ADC, DAC, Stepper motor interfacing and DC motor interfacing and programming

7 Hours PART – B

UNIT 5: 8051 Interrupts and Timers/counters: Basics of interrupts, 8051 interrupt structure, Timers and Counters, 8051 timers/counters, programming 8051 timers in assembly and C . 6 Hours

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UNIT 6: 8051 Serial Communication: Data communication, Basics of Serial Data Communication, 8051 Serial Communication, connections to RS-232, Serial communication Programming in assembly and C. 8255A Programmable Peripheral Interface:, Architecture of 8255A, I/O addressing,, I/O devices interfacing with 8051 using 8255A.

6 Hours Course Aim – The MSP430 microcontroller is ideally suited for development of low-power embedded systems that must run on batteries for many years. There are also applications where MSP430 microcontroller must operate on energy harvested from the environment. This is possible due to the ultra-low power operation of MSP430 and the fact that it provides a complete system solution including a RISC CPU, flash memory, on-chip data converters and on-chip peripherals. UNIT 7: Motivation for MSP430microcontrollers – Low Power embedded systems, On-chip peripherals (analog and digital), low-power RF capabilities. Target applications (Single-chip, low cost, low power, high performance system design).

2 Hours MSP430 RISC CPU architecture, Compiler-friendly features, Instruction set, Clock system, Memory subsystem. Key differentiating factors between different MSP430 families.

2 Hours Introduction to Code Composer Studio (CCS v4). Understanding how to use CCS for Assembly, C, Assembly+C projects for MSP430 microcontrollers. Interrupt programming.

3 Hours Digital I/O – I/O ports programming using C and assembly, Understanding the muxing scheme of the MSP430 pins. 2 Hours UNIT 8 : On-chip peripherals. Watchdog Timer, Comparator, Op-Amp, Basic Timer, Real Time Clock (RTC), ADC, DAC, SD16, LCD, DMA.

2 Hours Using the Low-power features of MSP430. Clock system, low-power modes, Clock request feature, Low-power programming and Interrupt.

2 Hours

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Interfacing LED, LCD, External memory. Seven segment LED modules interfacing. Example – Real-time clock.

2 Hours Case Studies of applications of MSP430 - Data acquisition system, Wired Sensor network, Wireless sensor network with Chipcon RF interfaces. 3 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. “The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems – using assembly

and C ”-, Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillespie Mazidi and Rollin D. McKinlay; PHI, 2006 / Pearson, 2006

2. “MSP430 Microcontroller Basics”, John Davies, Elsevier, 2010 (Indian edition available)

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture, Programmin g &

Applications”, 2e Kenneth J. Ayala ;, Penram International, 1996 / Thomson Learning 2005.

2. “The 8051 Microcontroller”, V.Udayashankar and MalikarjunaSwamy, TMH, 2009

3. MSP430 Teaching CD-ROM, Texas Instruments, 2008 (can be requested )

4. Microcontrollers: Architecture, Programming, Inte rfacing and System Design”,Raj Kamal, “Pearson Education, 2005


Sub Code : 10ES43 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1: Modeling of Systems: Introduction to Control Systems, Types of Control Systems, Effect of Feedback Systems, Differential equation of Physical Systems -Mechanical systems, Friction, Translational systems (Mechanical accelerometer, systems excluded), Rotational systems, Gear trains, Electrical systems, Analogous systems. 7 Hours

UNIT 2: Block diagrams and signal flow graphs: Transfer functions, Block diagram algebra, Signal Flow graphs (State variable formulation excluded), 6 Hours

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UNIT 3: Time Response of feed back control systems: Standard test signals, Unit step response of First and second order systems, Time response specifications, Time response specifications of second order systems, steady – state errors and error constants. Introduction to PID Controllers(excluding design) 7 Hours

UNIT 4: Stability analysis: Concepts of stability, Necessary conditions for Stability, Routh- stability criterion, Relative stability analysis; More on the Routh stability criterion. 6 Hours


UNIT 5: Root–Locus Techniques: Introduction, The root locus concepts, Construction of root loci. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Frequency domain analysis: Correlation between time and frequency response, Bode plots, Experimental determination of transfer functions, Assessment of relative stability using Bode Plots. Introduction to lead, lag and lead-lag compensating networks (excluding design). 7 Hours UNIT 7: Stability in the frequency domain: Introduction to Polar Plots, (Inverse Polar Plots excluded) Mathematical preliminaries, Nyquist Stability criterion, Assessment of relative stability using Nyquist criterion, (Systems with transportation lag excluded). 7 Hours UNIT 8: Introduction to State variable analysis: Concepts of state, state variable and state models for electrical systems, Solution of state equations.

6 Hours TEXT BOOK : 1. J. Nagarath and M.Gopal, “Control Systems Engineering”, New Age

International (P) Limited, Publishers, Fourth edition – 2005. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Modern Control Engineering “, K. Ogata, Pearson Education Asia/

PHI, 4th Edition, 2002.

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2. “Automatic Control Systems”, Benjamin C. Kuo, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 8th Edition, 2008.

3. “Feedback and Control System”, Joseph J Distefano III et al., Schaum’s Outlines, TMH, 2nd Edition 2007.


Sub Code : 10EC44 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1: Introduction : Definitions of a signal and a system, classification of signals, basic Operations on signals, elementary signals, Systems viewed as Interconnections of operations, properties of systems. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Time-domain representations for LTI systems – 1: Convolution, impulse response representation, Convolution Sum and Convolution Integral. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Time-domain representations for LTI systems – 2: Properties of impulse response representation, Differential and difference equation Representations, Block diagram representations. 7 Hours UNIT 4: Fourier representation for signals – 1: Introduction, Discrete time and continuous time Fourier series (derivation of series excluded) and their properties . 7 Hours


UNIT 5: Fourier representation for signals – 2: Discrete and continuous Fourier transforms(derivations of transforms are excluded) and their properties. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Applications of Fourier representations: Introduction, Frequency response of LTI systems, Fourier transform representation of periodic signals, Fourier

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transform representation of discrete time signals. Sampling theorm and Nyquist rate. 7 Hours

UNIT 7: Z-Transforms – 1: Introduction, Z – transform, properties of ROC, properties of Z – transforms, inversion of Z – transforms.

6 Hours UNIT 8: Z-transforms – 2: Transform analysis of LTI Systems, unilateral Z- Transform and its application to solve difference equations. 6 Hours

TEXT BOOK 1. Simon Haykin, “Signals and Systems”, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 2nd Edn, 2008. 2. Michael Roberts, “Fundamentals of Signals & Systems”, 2nd ed, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2010. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Alan V Oppenheim, Alan S, Willsky and A Hamid Nawab, “Signals

and Systems” Pearson Education Asia / PHI, 2nd edition, 1997. Indian Reprint 2002.

2. H. P Hsu, R. Ranjan, “Signals and Systems”, Scham’s outlines, TMH, 2006.

3. B. P. Lathi, “Linear Systems and Signals”, Oxford University Press, 2005.

4. Ganesh Rao and Satish Tunga, “Signals and Systems”, Pearson/Sanguine Technical Publishers, 2004.


Sub Code : 10EC45 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Why HDL? , A Brief History of HDL, Structure of HDL Module, Operators, Data types, Types of Descriptions, simulation and synthesis, Brief comparison of VHDL and Verilog

7 Hours

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UNIT 2: Data –Flow Descriptions: Highlights of Data-Flow Descriptions, Structure of Data-Flow Description, Data Type – Vectors. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Behavioral Descriptions: Behavioral Description highlights, structure of HDL behavioral Description, The VHDL variable –Assignment Statement, sequential statements. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Structural Descriptions: Highlights of structural Description, Organization of the structural Descriptions, Binding, state Machines, Generate, Generic, and Parameter statements. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT 5: Procedures, Tasks, and Functions: Highlights of Procedures, tasks, and Functions, Procedures and tasks, Functions. Advanced HDL Descriptions: File Processing, Examples of File Processing 7 Hours UNIT 6: Mixed –Type Descriptions: Why Mixed-Type Description? VHDL User-Defined Types, VHDL Packages, Mixed-Type Description examples 6 Hours UNIT 7: Mixed –Language Descriptions: Highlights of Mixed-Language Description, How to invoke One language from the Other, Mixed-language Description Examples, Limitations of Mixed-Language Description.

7 Hours UNIT 8: Synthesis Basics: Highlights of Synthesis, Synthesis information from Entity and Module, Mapping Process and Always in the Hardware Domain.

6 Hours

TEXT BOOKS: 1. HDL Programming (VHDL and Verilog )- Nazeih M.Botros- John

Weily India Pvt. Ltd. 2008.

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Fundamentals of HDL – Cyril P.R. Pearson/Sanguin 2010. 2. VHDL -Douglas perry-Tata McGraw-Hill. 3. A Verilog HDL Primer - J.Bhaskar – BS Publications 4. Circuit Design with VHDL -Volnei A.Pedroni-PHI.

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Sub Code : 10EC46 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1: Operational Amplifier Fundamentals: Basic Op-Amp circuit, Op-Amp parameters – Input and output voltage, CMRR and PSRR, offset voltages and currents, Input and output impedances, Slew rate and Frequency limitations; Op-Amps as DC Amplifiers- Biasing Op-Amps, Direct coupled -Voltage Followers, Non-inverting Amplifiers, Inverting amplifiers, Summing amplifiers, Difference amplifier. 7 Hours

UNIT 2: Op-Amps as AC Amplifiers: Capacitor coupled Voltage Follower, High input impedance - Capacitor coupled Voltage Follower, Capacitor coupled Non-inverting Amplifiers, High input impedance - Capacitor coupled Non-inverting Amplifiers, Capacitor coupled Inverting amplifiers, setting the upper cut-off frequency, Capacitor coupled Difference amplifier, Use of a single polarity power supply. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Op-Amps frequency response and compensation: Circuit stability, Frequency and phase response, Frequency compensating methods, Band width, Slew rate effects, Zin Mod compensation, and circuit stability precautions. 6 Hours UNIT 4: OP-AMP Applications: Voltage sources, current sources and current sinks, Current amplifiers, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifiers, Limiting circuits. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT 5: More applications: Clamping circuits, Peak detectors, sample and hold circuits, V to I and I to V converters, Log and antilog amplifiers, Multiplier

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and divider, Triangular / rectangular wave generators, Wave form generator design, phase shift oscillator, Wein bridge oscillator.

7 Hours UNIT 6: Non-linear circuit applications: crossing detectors, inverting Schmitt trigger circuits, Monostable & Astable multivibrator, Active Filters –First and second order Low pass & High pass filters. 6 Hours

UNIT 7: Voltage Regulators: Introduction, Series Op-Amp regulator, IC Voltage regulators, 723 general purpose regulator, Switching regulator.

6 Hours UNIT 8: Other Linear IC applications: 555 timer - Basic timer circuit, 555 timer used as astable and monostable multivibrator, Schmitt trigger; PLL-operating principles, Phase detector / comparator, VCO; D/A and A/ D converters – Basic DAC Techniques, AD converters. 7 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. “Operational Amplifiers and Linear IC’s”, David A. Bell, 2nd edition, PHI/Pearson, 2004. 2. “Linear Integrated Circuits”, D. Roy Choudhury and Shail B. Jain, 2nd

edition, Reprint 2006, New Age International. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Opamps- Design, Applications and Trouble Shooting”, Terrell,

Elsevier, 3rd ed. 2006. 2. “Operational Amplifiers”, George Clayton and Steve Winder, Elsever 3. 5th ed., 2008. 4. “Operational Amplifiers and Linear Integrated Circu its”, Robert. F.

Coughlin & Fred.F. Driscoll, PHI/Pearson, 2006. 5. “Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated

Circuits”, Sergio Franco, TMH, 3e, 2005.

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Sub Code : 10ESL47 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50


1. Data Transfer - Block move, Exchange, Sorting, Finding largest element in

an array. 2. Arithmetic Instructions - Addition/subtraction, multiplication and division,

square, Cube – (16 bits Arithmetic operations – bit addressable). 3. Counters. 4. Boolean & Logical Instructions (Bit manipulations). 5. Conditional CALL & RETURN. 6. Code conversion: BCD – ASCII; ASCII – Decimal; Decimal - ASCII;

HEX - Decimal and Decimal - HEX . 7. Programs to generate delay, Programs using serial port and on-Chip timer /

counter. Note: Programming exercise is to be done on both 8051 & MSP430.


Write C programs to interface 8051 chip to Interfacing modules to develop single chip solutions. 8. Simple Calculator using 6 digit seven segment displays and Hex Keyboard

interface to 8051. 9. Alphanumeric LCD panel and Hex keypad input interface to 8051. 10. External ADC and Temperature control interface to 8051. 11. Generate different waveforms Sine, Square, Triangular, Ramp etc. using

DAC interface to 8051; change the frequency and amplitude. 12. Stepper and DC motor control interface to 8051. 13. Elevator interface to 8051.

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(Common to EC/TC/IT/BM/ML) Sub Code : 10ECL48 IA Marks : 25 Hrs/ Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 Note: Programming can be done using any compiler. Download the programs on a FPGA/CPLD boards such as Apex/Acex/Max/Spartan/Sinfi/TK Base or equivalent and performance testing may be done using 32 channel pattern generator and logic analyzer apart from verification by simulation with tools such as Altera/Modelsim or equivalent. PROGRAMMING (using VHDL /Verilog) 1. Write HDL code to realize all the logic gates 2. Write a HDL program for the following combinational designs

a. 2 to 4 decoder b. 8 to 3 (encoder without priority & with priority) c. 8 to 1 multiplexer d. 4 bit binary to gray converter e. Multiplexer, de-multiplexer, comparator.

2. Write a HDL code to describe the functions of a Full Adder Using three modeling styles.

3. Write a model for 32 bit ALU using the schematic diagram shown below A (31:0) B (31:0)

Out • ALU should use combinational logic to calculate an output based on the

four bit op-code input. • ALU should pass the result to the out bus when enable line in high, and

tri-state the out bus when the enable line is low. • ALU should decode the 4 bit op-code according to the given in example


Opcode (3:0) Enable

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1. A + B 2. A – B 3. A Complement 4. A * B 5. A AND B 6. A OR B 7. A NAND B 8. A XOR B

4. Develop the HDL code for the following flip-flops, SR, D, JK, T. 5. Design 4 bit binary, BCD counters (Synchronous reset and

Asynchronous reset) and “any sequence” counters INTERFACING (at least four of the following must be covered using VHDL/Verilog) 1. Write HDL code to display messages on the given seven segment display

and LCD and accepting Hex key pad input data. 2. Write HDL code to control speed, direction of DC and Stepper motor. 3. Write HDL code to accept 8 channel Analog signal, Temperature sensors

and display the data on LCD panel or Seven segment display. 4. Write HDL code to generate different waveforms (Sine, Square,

Triangle, Ramp etc.,) using DAC change the frequency and amplitude. 5. Write HDL code to simulate Elevator operations 6. Write HDL code to control external lights using relays.

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MANAGEMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP Subject Code : 10AL51 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

MANAGEMENT (PART – A ) UNIT - 1 MANAGEMENT: Introduction - Meaning - nature and characteristics of Management, Scope and functional areas of Management - Management as a Science, Art or Profession Management & Administration - Roles of Management, Levels of Management, Development of Management Thought-Early Management Approaches-Modern Management Approaches.

7 Hours UNIT - 2 PLANNING: Nature, importance and purpose of planning process - Objectives - Types of plans (Meaning only) - Decision making - Importance of planning - steps in planning & planning premises - Hierarchy of plans. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 ORGANISING AND STAFFING: Nature and purpose of organization - Principles of organization - Types of organization - Departmentation - Committees – Centralisation Vs Decentralisation of authority and responsibility - Span of control - MBO and MBE (Meaning only) Nature and importance of Staffing - Process of Selection & Recruitment (in brief). 7 Hours UNIT - 4 DIRECTING & CONTROLLING: Meaning and nature of directing - Leadership styles, Motivation Theories, Communication - Meaning and importance – Coordination, meaning and importance and Techniques of Co - ordination. Meaning and steps in controlling - Essentials of a sound control system - Methods of establishing control. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 ENTREPRENEUR: Meaning of Entrepreneur; Evolution of the Concept, Functions of an Entrepreneur, Types of Entrepreneur, Intrapreneur - an emerging Class. Concept of Entrepreneurship - Evolution of Entrepreneurship, Development of Entrepreneurship; Stages in entrepreneurial process; Role of entrepreneurs in Economic Development; Entrepreneurship in India; Entrepreneurship – its Barriers. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 6 SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY: Definition; Characteristics; Need and rationale: Objectives; Scope; role of SSI in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI Steps to start an SSI - Government policy towards SSI; Different Policies of S.S.I.; Government Support for S.S.I. during 5 year plans, Impact of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on S.S.I., Effect of WTO/GATT Supporting Agencies of Government for S.S.I Meaning; Nature of Support; Objectives; Functions; Types of Help; Ancillary Industry and Tiny Industry (Definition only). 7 Hours


6 Hours UNIT - 8 PREPARATION OF PROJECT: Meaning of Project; Project Identification; Project Selection; Project Report; Need and Significance of Report; Contents; formulation; Guidelines by Planning Commission for Project report; Network Analysis; Errors of Project Report; Project Appraisal. Identification of Business Opportunities - Market Feasibility Study; Technical Feasibility Study; Financial Feasibility Study & Social Feasibility Study. 7 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. Principles of Management - P. C. Tripathi, P. N. Reddy; Tata McGraw

Hill, 4 th Edition, 2010. 2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management - Vasant

Desai Himalaya Publishing House. 3. Entrepreneurship Development - Small Business Enterprises -

Poornima M Charantimath - Pearson Education – 2006. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Management Fundamentals - Concepts, Application, Skill

Development Robert Lusier – Thomson. 2. Entrepreneurship Development - S S Khanka - S Chand & Co. 3. Management - Stephen Robbins - Pearson Education /PHI -17th Edition,


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Subject Code : 10EC52 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 Discrete Fourier Transforms (DFT): Frequency domain sampling and reconstruction of discrete time signals. DFT as a linear transformation, its relationship with other transforms. 6 Hours

UNIT - 2 Properties of DFT, multiplication of two DFTs- the circular convolution, additional DFT properties. 6 Hours

UNIT - 3 Use of DFT in linear filtering, overlap-save and overlap-add method. Direct computation of DFT, need for efficient computation of the DFT (FFT algorithms). 7 Hours

UNIT - 4 Radix-2 FFT algorithm for the computation of DFT and IDFT–decimation-in-time and decimation-in-frequency algorithms. Goertzel algorithm, and chirp-z transform. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 IIR filter design: Characteristics of commonly used analog filters – Butterworth and Chebysheve filters, analog to analog frequency transformations. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 Implementation of discrete-time systems: Structures for IIR and FIR systems-direct form I and direct form II systems, cascade, lattice and parallel realization. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 FIR filter design: Introduction to FIR filters, design of FIR filters using - Rectangular, Hamming, Bartlet and Kaiser windows, FIR filter design using frequency sampling technique. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 8 Design of IIR filters from analog filters (Butterworth and Chebyshev) - impulse invariance method. Mapping of transfer functions: Approximation of derivative (backward difference and bilinear transformation) method, Matched z transforms, Verification for stability and linearity during mapping 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Digital signal processing – Principles Algorithms & Applications, Proakis & Monalakis, Pearson education, 4th Edition, New Delhi, 2007.


1. Discrete Time Signal Processing, Oppenheim & Schaffer, PHI, 2003.

2. Digital Signal Processing, S. K. Mitra, Tata Mc-Graw Hill, 3rd Edition, 2010.

3. Digital Signal Processing, Lee Tan: Elsivier publications, 2007

ANALOG COMMUNICATION Subject Code : 10EC53 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 RANDOM PROCESS: Random variables: Several random variables. Statistical averages: Function of Random variables, moments, Mean, Correlation and Covariance function: Principles of autocorrelation function, cross – correlation functions. Central limit theorem, Properties of Gaussian process. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 AMPLITUDE MODULATION: Introduction, AM: Time-Domain description, Frequency – Domain description. Generation of AM wave: square law modulator, switching modulator. Detection of AM waves: square law detector, envelop detector. Double side band suppressed carrier modulation (DSBSC): Time-Domain description, Frequency-Domain representation, Generation of DSBSC waves: balanced modulator, ring modulator. Coherent detection of DSBSC modulated waves. Costas loop. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 3 SINGLE SIDE-BAND MODULATION (SSB): Quadrature carrier multiplexing, Hilbert transform, properties of Hilbert transform, Pre-envelope, Canonical representation of band pass signals, Single side-band modulation, Frequency-Domain description of SSB wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave, Time-Domain description. Phase discrimination method for generating an SSB modulated wave. Demodulation of SSB waves. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 VESTIGIAL SIDE-BAND MODULATION (VSB): Frequency – Domain description, Generation of VSB modulated wave, Time - Domain description, Envelop detection of VSB wave plus carrier, Comparison of amplitude modulation techniques, Frequency translation, Frequency division multiplexing, Application: Radio broadcasting, AM radio. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 ANGLE MODULATION (FM)-I: Basic definitions, FM, narrow band FM, wide band FM, transmission bandwidth of FM waves, generation of FM waves: indirect FM and direct FM. 6 Hours

UNIT - 6 ANGLE MODULATION (FM)-II: Demodulation of FM waves, FM stereo multiplexing, Phase-locked loop, Nonlinear model of the phase – locked loop, Linear model of the phase – locked loop, Nonlinear effects in FM systems.

7 Hours UNIT - 7 NOISE: Introduction, shot noise, thermal noise, white noise, Noise equivalent bandwidth, Narrow bandwidth, Noise Figure, Equivalent noise temperature, cascade connection of two-port networks. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 NOISE IN CONTINUOUS WAVE MODULATION SYSTEMS: Introduction, Receiver model, Noise in DSB-SC receivers, Noise in SSB receivers, Noise in AM receivers, Threshold effect, Noise in FM receivers, FM threshold effect, Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM,.

7 Hours

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1. Communication Systems, Simon Haykins, 5th Edition, John Willey, India Pvt. Ltd, 2009.

2. An Introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, Simon Haykins, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 2008


1. Modern digital and analog Communication systems B. P. Lathi, Oxford University Press., 4th ed, 2010,

2. Communication Systems, Harold P.E, Stern Samy and A Mahmond, Pearson Edn, 2004.

3. Communication Systems: Singh and Sapre: Analog and digital TMH 2nd , Ed 2007.

MICROWAVES AND RADAR Subject Code : 10EC54 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 MICROWAVE TRANSMISSION LINES: Introduction, transmission lines equations and solutions, reflection and transmission coefficients, standing waves and SWR, line impedance and line admittance. Smith chart, impedance matching using single stubs, Microwave coaxial connectors. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 MICROWAVE WAVEGUIDES AND COMPONENTS: Introduction, rectangular waveguides, circular waveguides, microwave cavities, microwave hybrid circuits, directional couplers, circulators and isolators. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 MICROWAVE DIODES , Transfer electron devices: Introduction, GUNN effect diodes – GaAs diode, RWH theory, Modes of operation, Avalanche transit time devices: READ diode, IMPATT diode, BARITT diode, Parametric amplifiers Other diodes: PIN diodes, Schottky barrier diodes. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 4 Microwave network theory and passive devices. Symmetrical Z and Y parameters, for reciprocal Networks, S matrix representation of multi port networks. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 Microwave passive devices, Coaxial connectors and adapters, Phase shifters, Attenuators, Waveguide Tees, Magic tees. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 STRIP LINES: Introduction, Microstrip lines, Parallèle strip lines, Coplanar strip lines, Shielded strip Lines. 6 Hours

UNIT - 7 AN INTRODUCTION TO RADAR: Basic Radar, The simple form of the Radar equation, Radar block diagram, Radar frequencies, application of Radar, the origins of Radar. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 MTI AND PULSE DOPPLER RADAR: Introduction to Doppler and MTI Radar, delay line Cancellers, digital MTI processing, Moving target detector, pulse Doppler Radar. 7 Hours TEXT BOOKS :

1. Microwave Devices and circuits- Liao / Pearson Education. 2. Introduction to Radar systems-Merrill I Skolnik, 3rd Ed, TMH,

2001. 3. Microwave Engineering – Annapurna Das, Sisir K Das TMH

Publication, 2nd , 2010. REFERENCE BOOK:

1. Microwave Engineering – David M Pozar, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 3rd Edn, 2008.

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Subject Code : 10EC55 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INFORMATION THEORY: Introduction, Measure of information, Average information content of symbols in long independent sequences, Average information content of symbols in long dependent sequences. Mark-off statistical model for information source, Entropy and information rate of mark-off source. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 SOURCE CODING: Encoding of the source output, Shannon’s encoding algorithm. Communication Channels, Discrete communication channels, Continuous channels. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 FUNDAMENTAL LIMITS ON PERFORMANCE: Source coding theorem, Huffman coding, Discrete memory less Channels, Mutual information, Channel Capacity. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 Channel coding theorem, Differential entropy and mutual information for continuous ensembles, Channel capacity Theorem. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 INTRODUCTION TO ERROR CONTROL CODING: Introduction, Types of errors, examples, Types of codes Linear Block Codes: Matrix description, Error detection and correction, Standard arrays and table look up for decoding. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 Binary Cycle Codes, Algebraic structures of cyclic codes, Encoding using an (n-k) bit shift register, Syndrome calculation. BCH codes. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 7 RS codes, Golay codes, Shortened cyclic codes, Burst error correcting codes. Burst and Random Error correcting codes. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 Convolution Codes, Time domain approach. Transform domain approach. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS:

1. Digital and analog communication systems, K. Sam Shanmugam, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 1996.

2. Digital communication, Simon Haykin, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.


1. ITC and Cryptography , Ranjan Bose, TMH, II edition, 2007 2. Digital Communications - Glover and Grant; Pearson Ed. 2nd Ed



Subject Code : 10EC56 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 BASIC MOS TECHNOLOGY: Integrated circuit’s era. Enhancement and depletion mode MOS transistors. nMOS fabrication. CMOS fabrication. Thermal aspects of processing. BiCMOS technology. Production of E-beam masks. 3 Hours MOS TRANSISTOR THEORY: Introduction, MOS Device Design Equations, The Complementary CMOS Inverter – DC Characteristics, Static Load MOS Inverters, The Differential Inverter, The Transmission Gate, Tristate Inverter. 4 Hours

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UNIT - 2 CIRCUIT DESIGN PROCESSES: MOS layers. Stick diagrams. Design rules and layout – lambda-based design and other rules. Examples. Layout diagrams. Symbolic diagrams. Tutorial exercises. 4 Hours Basic Physical Design of Simple logic gates. 3 Hours UNIT - 3 CMOS LOGIC STRUCTURES: CMOS Complementary Logic, Bi CMOS Logic, Pseudo-nMOS Logic, Dynamic CMOS Logic, Clocked CMOS Logic, Pass Transistor Logic, CMOS Domino Logic Cascaded Voltage Switch Logic (CVSL). 6 Hours UNIT - 4 BASIC CIRCUIT CONCEPTS: Sheet resistance. Area capacitances. Capacitance calculations. The delay unit. Inverter delays. Driving capacitive loads. Propagation delays. Wiring capacitances. 3 Hours SCALING OF MOS CIRCUITS: Scaling models and factors. Limits on scaling. Limits due to current density and noise. 3 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 CMOS SUBSYSTEM DESIGN: Architectural issues. Switch logic. Gate logic. Design examples – combinational logic. Clocked circuits. Other system considerations. 5 Hours Clocking Strategies 2 Hours UNIT - 6 CMOS SUBSYSTEM DESIGN PROCESSES: General considerations. Process illustration. ALU subsystem. Adders. Multipliers. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 MEMORY, REGISTERS AND CLOCK: Timing considerations. Memory elements. Memory cell arrays. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 8 TESTABILITY: Performance parameters. Layout issues. I/O pads. Real estate. System delays. Ground rules for design. Test and testability. 7 Hours TEXT BOOKS:

1. CMOS VLSI Design – A Circuits and Systems Perspective. 3rd Edition. N.H. Weste and David Harris. Addison-Wesley, 2005. (Refer to

2. Principles of CMOS VLSI Design: A Systems Perspective, Neil H. E. Weste, K. Eshragian, and ??? 3rd edition, Pearson Education (Asia) Pvt. Ltd., 200?. (Shift to the latest edition.).

3. Basic VLSI Design - Douglas A. Pucknell & Kamran Eshraghian, PHI 3rd Edition (original Edition – 1994), 2005.


1. R. Jacob Baker. CMOS Circuit Design, Layout and Simulation. John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

2. Fundamentals of Semiconductor Devices, M. K. Achuthan and K. N. Bhat, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2007.

3. CMOS Digital Integrated Circuits: Analysis and Design, Sung-Mo Kang & Yusuf Leblebici, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi, 2007.

4. Analysis and Design of Digital Integrated Circuits - D.A Hodges, H.G Jackson and R.A Saleh. 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, New Delhi, 2007.

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY Subject Code : 10ECL57 IA Marks : 25 No. of Practical Hrs/Week: 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 A LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING MATLAB / SCILAB / OCTAV E / WAB 3. Verification of Sampling theorem. 4. Impulse response of a given system 5. Linear convolution of two given sequences. 6. Circular convolution of two given sequences

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7. Autocorrelation of a given sequence and verification of its properties. 8. Cross correlation of given sequences and verification of its properties. 9. Solving a given difference equation. 10. Computation of N point DFT of a given sequence and to plot magnitude

and phase spectrum. 11. Linear convolution of two sequences using DFT and IDFT. 12. Circular convolution of two given sequences using DFT and IDFT 13. Design and implementation of FIR filter to meet given specifications. 14. Design and implementation of IIR filter to meet given specifications.

B. LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING DSP PROCESSOR 1.Linear convolution of two given sequences. 2.Circular convolution of two given sequences. 3.Computation of N- Point DFT of a given sequence 4.Realization of an FIR filter (any type) to meet given specifications .The input can be a signal from function generator / speech signal. 5.Audio applications such as to plot time and frequency (Spectrum) display of Microphone output plus a cosine using DSP. Read a wav file and match with their respective spectrograms 6.Noise: Add noise above 3kHz and then remove; Interference suppression using 400 Hz tone. 7.Impulse response of first order and second order system REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Digital signal processing using MATLAB - Sanjeet Mitra, TMH, 2001

2. Digital signal processing using MATLAB - J. G. Proakis & Ingale, MGH, 2000

3. Digital Signal Processors, B. Venkataramani and Bhaskar, TMH,2002

ANALOG COMMUNICATION LAB + LIC LAB Subject Code : 10ECL58 IA Marks : 25 No. of Practical Hrs/Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 EXPERIMENTS USING DESCERTE COMPONENTS and LABVIEW - 2009 CAN BE USED FOR VERIFICATION AND TESTING.

1. Second order active LPF and HPF 2. Second order active BPF and BE 3. Schmitt Trigger Design and test a Schmitt trigger circuit for the

given values of UTP and LTP

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4. Frequency synthesis using PLL. 5. Design and test R-2R DAC using op-amp 6. Design and test the following circuits using IC 555

a. Astable multivibrator for given frequency and duty cycle b. Monostable multivibrator for given pulse width W

7. IF amplifier design 8. Amplitude modulation using transistor/FET (Generation and

detection) 9. Pulse amplitude modulation and detection 10. PWM and PPM 11. Frequency modulation using 8038/2206 12. Precision rectifiers – both Full Wave and Half Wave.

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Subject Code : 10EC61 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 Basic signal processing operations in digital communication. Sampling Principles: Sampling Theorem, Quadrature sampling of Band pass signal, Practical aspects of sampling and signal recovery. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 PAM, TDM. Waveform Coding Techniques, PCM, Quantization noise and SNR, robust quantization. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 DPCM, DM, applications. Base-Band Shaping for Data Transmission, Discrete PAM signals, power spectra of discrete PAM signals. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 ISI, Nyquist’s criterion for distortion less base-band binary transmission, correlative coding, eye pattern, base-band M-ary PAM systems, adaptive equalization for data transmission. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 DIGITAL MODULATION TECHNIQUES: Digital Modulation formats, Coherent binary modulation techniques, Coherent quadrature modulation techniques. Non-coherent binary modulation techniques. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 Detection and estimation, Model of DCS, Gram-Schmidt Orthogonalization procedure, geometric interpretation of signals, response of bank of correlators to noisy input. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 Detection of known signals in noise, correlation receiver, matched filter receiver, detection of signals with unknown phase in noise. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 8 Spread Spectrum Modulation: Pseudo noise sequences, notion of spread spectrum, direct sequence spread spectrum, coherent binary PSK, frequency hop spread spectrum, applications. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Digital communications, Simon Haykin, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.


1. Digital and Analog communication systems, Simon Haykin, John Wildy India Lts, 2008

2. An introduction to Analog and Digital Communication, K. Sam Shanmugam, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

3. Digital communications - Bernard Sklar: Pearson education 2007


Subject Code : 10EC62 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 8086 PROCESSORS: Historical background, The microprocessor-based personal computer system, 8086 CPU Architecture, Machine language instructions, Instruction execution timing. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 INSTRUCTION SET OF 8086: Assembler instruction format, data transfer and arithmetic, branch type, loop, NOP & HALT, flag manipulation, logical and shift and rotate instructions. Illustration of these instructions with example programs, Directives and operators. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 BYTE AND STRING MANIPULATION: String instructions, REP Prefix, Table translation, Number format conversions, Procedures, Macros, Programming using keyboard and video display. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 8086 INTERRUPTS: 8086 Interrupts and interrupt responses, Hardware interrupt applications, Software interrupt applications, Interrupt examples. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 5 8086 INTERFACING: Interfacing microprocessor to keyboard (keyboard types, keyboard circuit connections and interfacing, software keyboard interfacing, keyboard interfacing with hardware), Interfacing to alphanumeric displays (interfacing LED displays to microcomputer), Interfacing a microcomputer to a stepper motor. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 8086 BASED MULTIPROCESSING SYSTEMS: Coprocessor configurations, The 8087 numeric data processor: data types, processor architecture, instruction set and examples. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 SYSTEM BUS STRUCTURE: Basic 8086 configurations: minimum mode, maximum mode, Bus Interface: peripheral component interconnect (PCI) bus, the parallel printer interface (LPT), the universal serial bus (USB) 6 Hours UNIT - 8 80386, 80486 AND PENTIUM PROCESSORS: Introduction to the 80386 microprocessor, Special 80386 registers, Introduction to the 80486 microprocessor, Introduction to the Pentium microprocessor. 7 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. Microcomputer systems-The 8086 / 8088 Family – Y.C. Liu and G. A.

Gibson, 2E PHI -2003 2. The Intel Microprocessor, Architecture, Programming and

Interfacing -Barry B. Brey, 6e, Pearson Education / PHI, 2003 REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Microprocessor and Interfacing- Programming & Hardware,

Douglas hall, 2nd , TMH, 2006. 2. Advanced Microprocessors and Peripherals - A.K. Ray and K.M.

Bhurchandi, TMH, 2nd , 2006. 3. 8088 and 8086 Microprocessors - Programming, Interfacing,

Software, Hardware & Applications - Triebel and Avtar Singh, 4e, Pearson Education, 2003

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Subject Code : 10EC63 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT – 1 MOSFETS: Device Structure and Physical Operation, V-I Characteristics, MOSFET Circuits at DC, Biasing in MOS amplifier Circuits, Small Signal Operation and Models, MOSFET as an amplifier and as a switch, biasing in MOS amplifier circuits, small signal operation modes, single stage MOS amplifiers. MOSFET internal capacitances and high frequency modes, Frequency response of CS amplifiers, CMOS digital logic inverter, detection type MOSFET. 7 Hours UNIT -2 Single Stage IC Amplifier: IC Design philiosophy, CoUmparison of MOSFET and BJT, Current sources, Current mirrors and Current steering circuits, high frequency response. 6 Hours UNIT – 3 Single Stage IC amplifiers (continued): CS and CF amplifiers with loads, high frequency response of CS and CF amplifiers, CG and CB amplifiers with active loads, high frequency response of CG and CB amplifiers, Cascade amplifiers. CS and CE amplifiers with source ( emitter) degeneration source and emitter followers, some useful transfer parings, current mirrors with improved performance. SPICE examples.

6 Hours UNIT – 4 Differences and Multistage Amplifiers: The MOS differential pair, small signal operation of MOS differential pair, the BJT differences pair, other non-ideal characteristics and differential pair, Differential amplifier with active loads, frequency response and differential amplifiers. Multistage amplifier. SPICE examples.

7 Hours PART – B

UNIT – 5 Feedback. General Feedback structure. Properties of negative feedback. Four basic feedback topologies. Series-Shunt feedback. Determining the loop gain.

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Stability problem. Effect of feedback an amplifier poles. Stability study using Bode plots. Frequency compensation. SPICE examples. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 Operational Amplifiers: The two stage CMOS Op-amp, folded cascade CMOS op-amp, 741 op-amp circuit, DC analysis of the 741, small signal analysis of 741, gain, frequency response and slew rate of 741. Data Converters. A-D and D-A converters. 6 Hours UNIT – 7 & 8 Digital CMOS circuits . Overview. Design and performance analysis of CMOS inverter. Logic Gate Circuits. Pass-transistor logic. Dynamic Logic Circuits. SPICE examples. 12 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Microelectronic Circuits”, Adel Sedra and K.C. Smith, 5th Edition, Oxford University Press, Interantional Version, 2009.


1. “Fundamentals of Microelectronics” , Behzad Razavi, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

2. “Microelectronics – Analysis and Design”, Sundaram Natarajan, 3. Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007

ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION Subject Code : 10EC64 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 ANTENNA BASICS: Introduction, basic Antenna parameters, patterns, beam area, radiation intensity, beam efficiency, diversity and gain, antenna apertures, effective height, bandwidth, radiation, efficiency, antenna temperature and antenna filed zones.

7 Hours

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UNIT - 2 POINT SOURCES AND ARRAYS: Introduction, point sources, power patterns, power theorem, radiation intensity, filed patterns, phase patterns. Array of two isotropic point sources. Endfire array and Broadside array.

6 Hours UNIT - 3 ELECTRIC DIPOLES AND THIN LINEAR ANTENNAS: Introduction, short electric dipole, fields of a short dipole(no derivation of field components), radiation resistance of short dipole, radiation resistances of lambda/2 Antenna, thin linear antenna, micro strip arrays, low side lobe arrays, long wire antenna, folded dipole antennas. 7 Hours

UNIT - 4 LOOP, SLOT, PATCH AND HORN ANTENNA: Introduction, small loop, comparison of far fields of small loop and short dipole, loop antenna general case, far field patterns of circular loop, radiation resistance, directivity, slot antenna, Babinet’s principle and complementary antennas, impedance of complementary and slot antennas, patch antennas.

8 Hours

PART – B UNIT – 5 & 6 ANTENNA TYPES: Horn antennas, rectangular horn antennas,

Helical Antenna, Yagi-Uda array, corner reflectors, parabolic reflectors, log periodic antenna, lens antenna, antenna for special applications – sleeve antenna, turnstile antenna, omni directional antennas, antennas for satellite antennas for ground penetrating radars, embedded antennas, ultra wide band antennas, plasma antenna, high-resolution data, intelligent antennas, antenna for remote sensing.

12 Hours UNIT - 7 & 8 RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION: Introduction, Ground wave propagation, free space propagation, ground reflection, surface wave, diffraction. TROPOSPHERE WAVE PROPAGATION: Troposcopic scatter, Ionosphere propagation, electrical properties of the ionosphere, effects of earth’s magnetic field. 10 Hours

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1. Antennas and Wave Propagation, John D. Krauss, 4th Edn,McGraw-Hill International edition, 2010.

2. Antennas and Wave Propagation - Harish and Sachidananda: Oxford Press 2007.


1. Antenna Theory Analysis and Design - C A Balanis, 3rd Edn, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

2. Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication Systems - Sineon R Saunders, John Wiley, 2003.

3. Antennas and wave propagation - G S N Raju: Pearson Education 2005.

OPERATING SYSTEMS Subject Code : 10EC65 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW OF OPERATING SYSTEMS: Operating system, Goals of an O.S, Operation of an O.S, Resource allocation and related functions, User interface related functions, Classes of operating systems, O.S and the computer system, Batch processing system, Multi programming systems, Time sharing systems, Real time operating systems, distributed operating systems. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 STRUCTURE OF THE OPERATING SYSTEMS: Operation of an O.S, Structure of the supervisor, Configuring and installing of the supervisor, Operating system with monolithic structure, layered design, Virtual machine operating systems, Kernel based operating systems, and Microkernel based operating systems. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 3 PROCESS MANAGEMENT: Process concept, Programmer view of processes, OS view of processes, Interacting processes, Threads, Processes in UNIX, Threads in Solaris. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 MEMORY MANAGEMENT: Memory allocation to programs, Memory allocation preliminaries, Contiguous and noncontiguous allocation to programs, Memory allocation for program controlled data, kernel memory allocation. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 VIRTUAL MEMORY: Virtual memory basics, Virtual memory using paging, Demand paging, Page replacement, Page replacement policies, Memory allocation to programs, Page sharing, UNIX virtual memory. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 FILE SYSTEMS: File system and IOCS, Files and directories, Overview of I/O organization, Fundamental file organizations, Interface between file system and IOCS, Allocation of disk space, Implementing file access, UNIX file system. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 SCHEDULING: Fundamentals of scheduling, Long-term scheduling, Medium and short term scheduling, Real time scheduling, Process scheduling in UNIX. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 MESSAGE PASSING: Implementing message passing, Mailboxes, Inter process communication in UNIX. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Operating Systems - A Concept based Approach”, D. M. Dhamdhare, TMH, 3rd Ed, 2010.


1. Operating Systems Concepts, Silberschatz and Galvin, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 5th Edition, 2001.

2. Operating System – Internals and Design Systems, Willaim Stalling, Pearson Education, 4th Ed, 2006.

3. Design of Operating Systems, Tennambhaum, TMH, 2001.

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Subject Code : 10ECL67 IA Marks : 25 No. of Practical Hrs/Week: 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS USING DESCERTE COMPONENTS and LABVIEW – 2009 can be used for verification and testing.

1. TDM of two band limited signals. 2. ASK and FSK generation and detection 3. PSK generation and detection 4. DPSK generation and detection 5. QPSK generation and detection 6. PCM generation and detection using a CODEC Chip 7. Measurement of losses in a given optical fiber ( propagation loss,

bending loss) and numerical aperture 8. Analog and Digital (with TDM) communication link using optical

fiber. 9. Measurement of frequency, guide wavelength, power, VSWR and

attenuation in a microwave test bench 10. Measurement of directivity and gain of antennas: Standard dipole

(or printed dipole), microstrip patch antenna and Yagi antenna (printed).

11. Determination of coupling and isolation characteristics of a stripline (or microstrip) directional coupler

12. (a) Measurement of resonance characteristics of a microstrip ring resonator and determination of dielectric constant of the substrate. (b) Measurement of power division and isolation characteristics of a microstrip 3 dB power divider.

MICROPROCESSOR LAB Subject Code : 10ECL68 IA Marks : 25 No. of Practical Hrs/Week: 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 I) Programs involving

1) Data transfer instructions like: i] Byte and word data transfer in different addressing


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ii] Block move (with and without overlap) iii] Block interchange

2) Arithmetic & logical operations like: i] Addition and Subtraction of multi precision nos. ii] Multiplication and Division of signed and unsigned

Hexadecimal nos. iii] ASCII adjustment instructions iv] Code conversions v] Arithmetic programs to find square cube, LCM, GCD,


3) Bit manipulation instructions like checking: i] Whether given data is positive or negative ii] Whether given data is odd or even iii] Logical 1’s and 0’s in a given data iv] 2 out 5 code v] Bit wise and nibble wise palindrome

4) Branch/Loop instructions like: i] Arrays: addition/subtraction of N nos.

Finding largest and smallest nos. Ascending and descending order

ii] Near and Far Conditional and Unconditional jumps, Calls and Returns

5) Programs on String manipulation like string transfer, string

reversing, searching for a string, etc. 6) Programs involving Software interrupts

Programs to use DOS interrupt INT 21h Function calls for Reading a Character from keyboard, Buffered Keyboard input, Display of character/ String on console

II) Experiments on interfacing 8086 with the following interfacing modules through DIO (Digital Input/Output-PCI bus compatible) card

a) Matrix keyboard interfacing b) Seven segment display interface c) Logical controller interface d) Stepper motor interface

III) Other Interfacing Programs a) Interfacing a printer to an X86 microcomputer b) PC to PC Communication

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ANALOG AND MIXED MODE VLSI DESIGN Subject Code : 10EC661 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

(Text Book 1)

UNIT 1 Data converter fundamentals: Analog versus Digital Discrete Time Signals, Converting Analog Signals to Data Signals, Sample and Hold Characteristics, DAC Specifications, ADC Specifications, Mixed-Signal Layout Issues. 7 Hours UNIT 2 Data Converters Architectures: DAC Architectures, Digital Input Code, Resistors String, R-2R Ladder Networks, Current Steering, Charge Scaling DACs, Cyclic DAC, Pipeline DAC, ADC Architectures, Flash, 2-Step Flash ADC, Pipeline ADC, Integrating ADC, Successive Approximation ADC.

12 Hours UNIT 3 Non-Linear Analog Circuits: Basic CMOS Comparator Design (Excluding Characterization), Analog Multipliers, Multiplying Quad (Excluding Stimulation), Level Shifting (Excluding Input Level Shifting For Multiplier). 7 Hours

(Text Book 2)

UNIT 4 : Data Converter SNR: Improving SNR Using Averaging (Excluding Jitter & Averaging onwards), Decimating Filters for ADCs (Excluding Decimating without Averaging onwards), Interpolating Filters for DAC, Band pass and High pass Sync filters. 8 Hours

UNIT 5 Su-Microns CMOS circuit design: Process Flow, Capacitors and Resistors, MOSFET Switch (upto Bidirectional Switches), Delay and adder Elements, Analog Circuits MOSFET Biasing (upto MOSFET Transition Frequency). 10 Hours UNIT 6 OPAmp Design (Excluding Circuits Noise onwards) 8 Hours


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1. Design, Layout, Stimulation ,R. Jacob Baker, Harry W Li, David E Boyce, CMOS Circuit, PHI Education, 2005.

2. CMOS- Mixed Signal Circuit Design ,R. Jacob Baker, (Vol II of CMOS: Circuit Design, Layout and Stimulation), John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits, B Razavi,First

Edition, McGraw Hill,2001. 2. CMOS Analog Circuit Design, P e Allen and D R Holberg, 2nd 3. Edition, Oxford University Press,2002.

SATELLITE COMMUNICATION Subject Code : 10EC662 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 OVER VIEW OF SATELLITE SYSTEMS: Introduction, frequency allocation, INTEL Sat. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 ORBITS: Introduction, Kepler laws, definitions, orbital element, apogee and perigee heights, orbit perturbations, inclined orbits, calendars, universal time, sidereal time, orbital plane, local mean time and sun synchronous orbits, Geostationary orbit: Introduction, antenna, look angles, polar mix antenna, limits of visibility, earth eclipse of satellite, sun transit outage, leandiag orbits. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 PROPAGATION IMPAIRMENTS AND SPACE LINK: Introduction, atmospheric loss, ionospheric effects, rain attenuation, other impairments. SPACE LINK: Introduction, EIRP, transmission losses, link power budget, system noise, CNR, uplink, down link, effects of rain, combined CNR. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 SPACE SEGMENT: Introduction, power supply units, altitude control, station keeping, thermal control, TT&C, transponders, antenna subsystem. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 5 & 6 EARTH SEGEMENT: Introduction, receive only home TV system, out door unit, indoor unit, MATV, CATV, Tx – Rx earth station. 5 Hours INTERFERENCE AND SATELLITE ACCESS: Introduction, interference between satellite circuits, satellite access, single access, pre-assigned FDMA, SCPC (spade system), TDMA, pre-assigned TDMA, demand assigned TDMA, down link analysis, comparison of uplink power requirements for TDMA & FDMA, on board signal processing satellite switched TDMA. 9 Hours UNIT - 7 & 8 DBS, SATELLITE MOBILE AND SPECIALIZED SERVICES: Introduction, orbital spacing, power ratio, frequency and polarization, transponder capacity, bit rates for digital TV, satellite mobile services, USAT, RadarSat, GPS, orb communication and Indian Satellite systems. 12 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Satellite Communications, Dennis Roddy, 4th Edition, McGraw-Hill International edition, 2006.


1. Satellite Communications, Timothy Pratt, Charles Bostian and Jeremy Allnutt, 2nd Edition, John Wiley Pvt. Ltd & Sons, 2008.

2. Satellite Communication Systems Engineering, W. L. Pitchand, H. L. Suyderhoud, R. A. Nelson, 2nd Ed., Pearson Education., 2007.

RANDOM PROCESSES Subject Code : 10EC663 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO PROBABILITY THEORY: Experiments, sample space, Events, Axioms, Assigning probabilities, Joint and conditional

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probabilities, Baye’s Theorem, Independence, Discrete Random Variables, Engg Example. 7 Hours

UNIT - 2 Random Variables, Distributions, Density Functions: CDF, PDF, Gaussian random variable, Uniform Exponential, Laplace, Gamma, Erlang, Chi-Square, Raleigh, Rician and Cauchy types of random variables. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 OPERATIONS ON A SINGLE R V: Expected value, EV of Random variables, EV of functions of Random variables, Central Moments, Conditional expected values. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 Characteristic functions, Probability generating functions, Moment generating functions, Engg applications, Scalar quantization, entropy and source coding.

6 Hours PART – B

UNIT - 5 Pairs of Random variables, Joint CDF, joint PDF, Joint probability mass functions, Conditional Distribution, density and mass functions, EV involving pairs of Random variables, Independent Random variables, Complex Random variables, Engg Application. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 MULTIPLE RANDOM VARIABLES: Joint and conditional PMF, CDF, PDF,.EV involving multiple Random variables, Gaussian Random variable in multiple dimension, Engg application, linear prediction. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 RANDOM PROCESS: Definition and characterization, Mathematical tools for studying Random Processes, Stationary and Ergodic Random processes, Properties of ACF. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 EXAMPLE PROCESSES: Markov processes, Gaussian Processes, Poisson Processes, Engg application, Computer networks, Telephone networks. 7 Hours

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1. Probability and random processes: application to Signal processing and communication - S L Miller and D C Childers: Academic Press / Elsivier 2004


1. Probability, Random variables and stochastic processes - A. Papoullis and S U Pillai: McGraw Hill 2002.

2. Probability, Random variables and Random signal principles - Peyton Z Peebles: TMH 4th Edition 2007.

3. Probability, random processes and applications - H Stark and Woods: PHI 2001.


Subject Code : 10EC664 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT – 1 Introduction, Sources of power dissipation, designing for low power. Physics of power dissipation in MOSFET devices – MIS Structure, Long channel and sub-micron MOSFET, Gate induced Drain leakage. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 Power dissipation in CMOS – Short circuit dissipation, dynamic dissipation, Load capacitance. Low power design limits - Principles of low power design, Hierarchy of limits, fundamental limits, Material, device, circuit and system limits. 8 Hours UNIT – 3&4 SYNTHESIS FOR LOW POWER: Behavioral, Logic and Circuit level approaches, Algorithm level transforms, Power-constrained Least squares optimization for adaptive and non-adaptive filters, Circuit activity driven architectural transformations, voltage scaling, operation reduction and substitution, pre- computation, FSM and Combinational logic, Transistor sizing. 12 Hours

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UNIT – 5&6 DESIGN AND TEST OF LOW-VOLTAGE CMOS CIRCUITS: Introduction, Design style, Leakage current in Deep sub-micron transistors, device design issues, minimizing short channel effect, Low voltage design techniques using reverse Vgs, steep sub threshold swing and multiple threshold voltages, Testing with elevated intrinsic leakage, multiple supply voltages. 12 Hours UNIT - 7 LOW ENERGY COMPUTING: Energy dissipation in transistor channel, Energy recovery circuit design, designs with reversible and partially reversible logic, energy recovery in adiabatic logic and SRAM core, Design of peripheral circuits – address decoder, level shifter and I/O Buffer, supply clock generation. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 SOFTWARE DESIGN FOR LOW POWER: Introduction, sources of power dissipation, power estimation and optimization. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Low-Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design, Kaushik Roy and Sharat C Prasad, John Wiley Pvt. Ltd, 2008.


Subject Code : 10EC665 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION: Functions and parameters, Dynamic memory allocation classis, Testing and debugging. Data Representation, Introduction, Linear lists, Formula-based representation linked representation, Indirect addressing simulating pointers. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 2 ARRAYS AND MATRICS: Arrays, Matrices, Special matrices spare matrices. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 STACKS: The abstract data types, Derived classed and inheritance, Formula-based representation, Linked representation, Applications. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 Queues: The abstract data types, Derived classes and inheritance, Formula-based representation, Linked Linked representation, Applications. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 SKIP LISTS AND HASHING: Dictionaries, Linear representation, Skip list presentation, Hash table representation. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 BINARY AND OTHER TREES: Trees, Binary trees, Properties and representation of binary trees, Common binary tree operations, Binary tree traversal the ADT binary tree, ADT and class extensions. 8 Hours UNIT - 7 PRIRITY QUEUES: Linear lists, Heaps, Leftist trees. 6 Hours UNIT-8 Search Trees: Binary search trees, B-trees, Applications. 6 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Data structures, Algorithms, and applications in C++ - Sartaj Sahni, McGraw Hill.2000.


1. Object Oriented Programming in C++ - Balaguruswamy. TMH, 1995.

2. Programming in C++ - Balaguruswamy. TMH, 4th, 2010 .

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Subject Code : 10EC666 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hours /week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hours : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 Introduction and Methodology: Digital Systems and Embedded Systems, Binary representation and Circuit Elements, Real-World Circuits, Models, Design Methodology.

7 Hours UNIT 2 Combinational Basics: Boolean Functions and Boolean Algebra, Binary Coding, Combinational Components and Circuits, Verification of Combinational Circuits. 7 Hours UNIT 3 Number Basics: Unsigned and Signed Integers, Fixed and Floating-point Numbers.

6 Hours UNIT 4 Sequential Basics: Storage elements, Counters, Sequential Datapaths and Control, Clocked Synchronous Timing Methodology. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT 5 Memories: Concepts, Memory Types, Error Detection and Correction. Implementation Fabrics: ICs, PLDs, Packaging and Circuit Boards, Interconnection and Signal Integrity. 7 Hours UNIT 6 Processor Basics: Embedded Computer Organization, Instruction and Data, Interfacing with memory. 6 Hours UNIT 7 I/O interfacing: I/O devices, I/O controllers, Parallel Buses, Serial Transmission, I/O software. 6 Hours

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UNIT 8 Accelerators: Concepts, case study, Verification of accelerators. Design Methodology: Design flow, Design optimization, Design for test, 7 Hours TEXT BOOK: 1. “Digital Design: An Embedded Ssytems Approach Using

VERILOG”, Peter J. Ashenden, Elesvier, 2010.

VIRTUAL INSTRUMENTATION Subject Code : 10EC667 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT 1 Review of Digital Instrumentation: Representation of analog signals in the digital domain – Review of quantization in amplifier and time areas, sample and hold, sampling theorem, ADC and DAC.

8 Hours UNIT 2 & 3 Fundamentals of Virtual Instrumentation: Concept of Virtual Instrumentation – PC based data acquisition – Typical on board DAQ card – Resolution and sampling frequency – Multiplexing of analog inputs – Single-ended and differential inputs – Different strategies for sampling of multi channel analog inputs. Concept of universal DAQ card – Use of timer- counter and analog outputs on the universal DAQ card.

12 Hours UNIT 4 Cluster of Instruments in System: Interfacing of external instruments to a PC – RS 232C, RS – 422, RS 485 and USB standards – IEEE 488 standard – ISO –OSI model for series bus – introduction to bus protocols of MOD bus and CAN bus.

8 Hours

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UNIT 5 & 6 Graphical Programming Environment in VI: Concepts of graphical programming – Lab-view software – Concept of VIs and sub VIs – Display types – Digital – Analog – Chart – Oscilloscope types – Loops – Case and sequence structures – Types of data – Arrays – Formulate nodes – Local and Global variables – String and file I/O.

12 Hours UNIT 7 & 8 Analysis Tools and Simple Application in VI: Fourier transform – Power spectrum – Correlation – Windowing and filtering tools – Simple temperature indicator – ON/OFF controller – PID controller – CRO emulation – Simulation of a simple second order system – Generation of HTML page. 12 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. Sanjay Gupta, “Virtual Instrumentation, LABVIEW” , TMH, New

Delhi, 2003. 2. S. Gupta and J P Gupta,”PC Interfacing for Data Acquisition and

Process Control”, Instrument Society of America, 1994. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Peter W Gofton , “Understanding Serial Communication”, Sybes

International, 2000. 2. Robert H. Bishop, “Learning with Lab-View” Preticee Hall, 2009. 3. Ernest O. Doeblin and Dhanesh N Manik, “ Measrement Systems –

Application and Design”, 5th Edn, TMH, 2007.

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Subject Code : 10EC71 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 Layered tasks, OSI Model, Layers in OSI model, TCP?IP Suite, Addressing, Telephone and cable networks for data transmission, Telephone networks, Dial up modem, DSL, Cable TV for data transmission. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 DATA LINK CONTROL: Framing, Flow and error control, Protocols, Noiseless channels and noisy channels, HDLC. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 MULTIPLE ACCESSES: Random access, Controlled access, Channelisation. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 Wired LAN, Ethernet, IEEE standards, Standard Ethernet. Changes in the standards, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, Wireless LAN IEEE 802.11 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 Connecting LANs, Backbone and Virtual LANs, Connecting devices, Back bone Networks, Virtual LANs 7 Hours UNIT - 6 Network Layer, Logical addressing, Ipv4 addresses, Ipv6 addresses, Ipv4 and Ipv6 Transition from Ipv4 to Ipv6. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 Delivery, Forwarding, Unicast Routing Protocols, Multicast Routing protocols. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 8 Transport layer Process to process Delivery, UDP, TCP, Domain name system, Resolution. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Data Communication and Networking, B Forouzan, 4th Ed, TMH 2006.


1. Computer Networks, James F. Kurose, Keith W. Ross: Pearson education, 2nd Edition, 2003.

2. Introduction to Data communication and Networking, Wayne Tomasi: Pearson education 2007.

OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION Subject Code : 10EC72 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 OVERVIEW OF OPTICAL FIBER COMMUNICATION: Introduction, Historical development, general system, advantages, disadvantages, and applications of optical fiber communication, optical fiber waveguides, Ray theory, cylindrical fiber (no derivations in article 2.4.4), single mode fiber, cutoff wave length, mode filed diameter. Optical Fibers: fiber materials, photonic crystal, fiber optic cables specialty fibers. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 TRANSMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF OPTICAL FIBERS: Introduction, Attenuation, absorption, scattering losses, bending loss, dispersion, Intra model dispersion, Inter model dispersion. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 OPTICAL SOURCES AND DETECTORS: Introduction, LED’s, LASER diodes, Photo detectors, Photo detector noise, Response time, double hetero junction structure, Photo diodes, comparison of photo detectors. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 4 FIBER COUPLERS AND CONNECTORS: Introduction, fiber alignment and joint loss, single mode fiber joints, fiber splices, fiber connectors and fiber couplers. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 OPTICAL RECEIVER: Introduction, Optical Receiver Operation, receiver sensitivity, quantum limit, eye diagrams, coherent detection, burst mode receiver, operation, Analog receivers. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 ANALOG AND DIGITAL LINKS: Analog links – Introduction, overview of analog links, CNR, multichannel transmission techniques, RF over fiber, key link parameters, Radio over fiber links, microwave photonics. Digital links – Introduction, point–to–point links, System considerations, link power budget, resistive budget, short wave length band, transmission distance for single mode fibers, Power penalties, nodal noise and chirping.

8 Hours UNIT - 7 WDM CONCEPTS AND COMPONENTS: WDM concepts, overview of WDM operation principles, WDM standards, Mach-Zehender interferometer, multiplexer, Isolators and circulators, direct thin film filters, active optical components, MEMS technology, variable optical attenuators, tunable optical fibers, dynamic gain equalizers, optical drop multiplexers, polarization controllers, chromatic dispersion compensators, tunable light sources. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 Optical Amplifiers and Networks – optical amplifiers, basic applications and types, semiconductor optical amplifiers, EDFA. OPTICAL NETWORKS: Introduction, SONET / SDH, Optical Interfaces, SONET/SDH rings, High – speed light – waveguides. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS:

1. "Optical Fiber Communication” , Gerd Keiser, 4th Ed., MGH, 2008.

2. "Optical Fiber Communications" , John M. Senior, Pearson Education. 3rd Impression, 2007.


1. Fiber Optic Communication - Joseph C Palais: 4th Edition, Pearson Education.

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POWER ELECTRONICS Subject Code : 10EC73 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 Introduction, Applications of power electronics, Power semiconductor devices, Control characteristics, Types of power electronics circuits, Peripheral effects. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 POWER TRANSISTOR: Power BJT’s, Switching characteristics, Switching limits, Base derive control, Power MOSFET’s, Switching characteristics, Gate drive, IGBT’s, Isolation of gate and base drives. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 INTRODUCTION TO THYRISTORS: Principle of operation states anode-cathode characteristics, Two transistor model. Turn-on Methods, Dynamic Turn-on and turn-off characteristics, Gate characteristics, Gate trigger circuits, di / dt and dv / dt protection, Thyristor firing circuits. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS: Introduction, Principles of phase controlled converter operation, 1φ fully controlled converters, Duel converters, 1 φ semi converters (all converters with R & RL load). 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 Thyristor turn off methods, natural and forced commutation, self commutation, class A and class B types, Complementary commutation, auxiliary commutation, external pulse commutation, AC line commutation, numerical problems. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLERS: Introduction, Principles of on and off control, Principles of phase control, Single phase controllers with restive loads and Inductive loads, numerical problems.

6 Hours

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UNIT - 7 DC CHOPPERS: Introduction, Principles of step down and step up choppers, Step down chopper with RL loads, Chopper classification, Switch mode regulators – buck, boost and buck – boost regulators. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 INVERTORS: Introduction, Principles of operation, Performance parameters, 1φ bridge inverter, voltage control of 1φ invertors, current source invertors, Variable DC link inverter. 7 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. “Power Electronics” - M. H. Rashid 3rd edition, PHI / Pearson publisher

2004. 2. “Power Electronics” - M. D. Singh and Kanchandani K.B. TMH

publisher, 2nd Ed. 2007. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Power Electronics, Essentials and Applications”, L Umanand, John

Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2009. 2. “Power Electronics” , Daniel W. Hart, McGraw Hill, 2010. 3. “Power Electronics”, V Nattarasu and R.S. Anandamurhty,

Pearson/Sanguine Pub. 2006. EMBEDED SYSTEM DESIGN

Subject Code : 10EC74 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction to Embedded System: Introducing Embedded Systems, Philosophy, Embedded Systems, Embedded Design and Development Process. 5 Hours UNIT 2: The Hardware Side: An Introduction, The Core Level, Representing Information, Understanding Numbers, Addresses, Instructions, Registers-A

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First Look, Embedded Systems-An Instruction Set View, Embedded Systems-A Register View, Register View of a Microprocessor The Hardware Side: Storage Elements and Finite-State Machines (2 hour) The concepts of State and Time, The State Diagram, Finite State Machines- A Theoretical Model.

8 Hours UNIT 3 : Memories and the Memory Subsystem: Classifying Memory, A General Memory Interface, ROM Overview, Static RAM Overview, Dynamic RAM Overview, Chip Organization, Terminology, A Memory Interface in Detail, SRAM Design, DRAM Design, DRAM Memory Interface, The Memory Map, Memory Subsystem Architecture, Basic Concepts of Caching, Designing a Cache System, Dynamic Memory Allocation.

7 Hours UNIT 4: Embedded Systems Design and Development : System Design and Development, Life-cycle Models, Problem Solving-Five Steps to Design, The Design Process, Identifying the Requirements, Formulating the Requirements Specification, The System Design Specification, System Specifications versus System Requirements, Partitioning and Decomposing a System, Functional Design, Architectural Design, Functional Model versus Architectural Model, Prototyping, Other Considerations, Archiving the Project. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT 5 & 6: Real-Time Kernels and Operating Systems: Tasks and Things, Programs and Processes, The CPU is a resource, Threads – Lightweight and heavyweight, Sharing Resources, Foreground/Background Systems, The operating System, The real time operating system (RTOS), OS architecture, Tasks and Task control blocks, memory management revisited. 12 Hours UNIT 7 & 8: Performance Analysis and Optimization: Performance or Efficiency Measures, Complexity Analysis, The methodology, Analyzing code, Instructions in Detail, Time, etc. – A more detailed look, Response Time, Time Loading, Memory Loading, Evaluating Performance, Thoughts on Performance Optimization, Performance Optimization, Tricks of the Trade, Hardware Accelerators, Caches and Performance.

12 Hours

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1. Embedded Systems – A contemporary Design Tool, James K. Peckol, John Weily India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.


1. Embedded Systems: Architecture and Programming, Raj Kamal, TMH. 2008.

2. Embedded Systems Architecture – A Comprehensive Guide for Engineers and Programmers, Tammy Noergaard, Elsevier Publication, 2005.

3. Programming for Embedded Systems, Dreamtech Software Team, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2008.

VLSI LAB Subject Code : 10ECL77 IA Marks : 25 No. of Practical Hrs/Week : 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50 (Wherever necessary Cadence/Synopsis/Menta Graphics tools must be used)


ASIC-DIGITAL DESIGN FLOW 1. Write Verilog Code for the following circuits and their Test Bench for verification , observe the waveform and synthesize the code with technological library with given Constraints*. Do the initial timing verification with gate level simulation.

1. An inverter 2. A Buffer 3. Transmission Gate 4. Basic/universal gates 5. Flip flop -RS, D, JK, MS, T 6. Serial & Parallel adder 7. 4-bit counter [Synchronous and Asynchronous

counter] 8. Successive approximation register [SAR]

* An appropriate constraint should be given

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ANALOG DESIGN Analog Design Flow 1. Design an Inverter with given specifications*, completing the design flow mentioned below:

a. Draw the schematic and verify the following i) DC Analysis ii) Transient Analysis

b. Draw the Layout and verify the DRC, ERC c. Check for LVS d. Extract RC and back annotate the same and verify the Design e. Verify & Optimize for Time, Power and Area to the given constraint***

2. Design the following circuits with given specifications*, completing the design flow mentioned below:

a. Draw the schematic and verify the following i) DC Analysis ii) AC Analysis iii) Transient Analysis

b. Draw the Layout and verify the DRC, ERC c. Check for LVS d. Extract RC and back annotate the same and verify the Design.

i) A Single Stage differential amplifier ii) Common source and Common Drain amplifier

3. Design an op-amp with given specification* using given differential amplifier Common source and Common Drain amplifier in library** and completing the design flow mentioned below:

a. Draw the schematic and verify the following i) DC Analysis ii). AC Analysis iii) Transient Analysis

b. Draw the Layout and verify the DRC, ERC c. Check for LVS d. Extract RC and back annotate the same and verify the Design.

4. Design a 4 bit R-2R based DAC for the given specification and completing the design flow mentioned using given op-amp in the library**.

a. Draw the schematic and verify the following

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i) DC Analysis ii) AC Analysis

iii) Transient Analysis b. Draw the Layout and verify the DRC, ERC c. Check for LVS d. Extract RC and back annotate the same and verify the Design.

5. For the SAR based ADC mentioned in the figure below draw the mixed signal schematic and verify the functionality by completing ASIC Design FLOW. [Specifications to GDS-II]

* Appropriate specification should be given. ** Applicable Library should be added & information should be given to the Designer. *** An appropriate constraint should be given

POWER ELECTRONICS LAB Subject Code : 10ECL78 IA Marks : 25 No. of Practical Hrs/Week: 03 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Practical Hrs. : 42 Exam Marks : 50

Any five converter circuits experiment from the below list must be simulated using the spice-simulator. • Static characteristics of SCR and DIAC. • Static characteristics of MOSFET and IGBT.

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• Controlled HWR and FWR using RC triggering circuit • SCR turn off using i) LC circuit ii) Auxiliary Commutation • UJT firing circuit for HWR and FWR circuits. • Generation of firing signals for thyristors/ trials using digital circuits

/ microprocessor. • AC voltage controller using triac – diac combination. • Single phase Fully Controlled Bridge Converter with R and R-L

loads. • Voltage (Impulse) commutated chopper both constant frequency and

variable frequency operations. • Speed control of a separately exited DC motor. • Speed control of universal motor. • Speed control of stepper motor. • Parallel / series inverter. Note: Experiments to be conducted with isolation transformer and low voltage.

DSP ALGORITHMS AND ARCHITECTURE Subject Code : 10EC751 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING: Introduction, A Digital Signal-Processing System, The Sampling Process, Discrete Time Sequences, Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), Linear Time-Invariant Systems, Digital Filters, Decimation and Interpolation. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 ARCHITECTURES FOR PROGRAMMABLE DIGITAL SIGNAL-PROCESSORS: Introduction, Basic Architectural Features, DSP Computational Building Blocks, Bus Architecture and Memory, Data Addressing Capabilities, Address Generation Unit, Programmability and Program Execution, Features for External Interfacing. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 PROGRAMMABLE DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS: Introduction, Commercial Digital Signal-processing Devices, Data Addressing Modes of

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TMS32OC54xx., Memory Space of TMS32OC54xx Processors, Program Control. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 Detail Study of TMS320C54X & 54xx Instructions and Programming, On-Chip peripherals, Interrupts of TMS32OC54XX Processors, Pipeline Operation of TMS32OC54xx Processor. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 IMPLEMENTATION OF BASIC DSP ALGORITHMS: Introduction, The Q-notation, FIR Filters, IIR Filters, Interpolation and Decimation Filters (one example in each case). 7 Hours UNIT - 6 IMPLEMENTATION OF FFT ALGORITHMS : Introduction, An FFT Algorithm for DFT Computation, Overflow and Scaling, Bit-Reversed Index Generation & Implementation on the TMS32OC54xx. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 INTERFACING MEMORY AND PARALLEL I/O PERIPHERALS TO DSP DEVICES: Introduction, Memory Space Organization, External Bus Interfacing Signals. Memory Interface, Parallel I/O Interface, Programmed I/O, Interrupts and I / O Direct Memory Access (DMA). 6 Hours UNIT - 8 INTERFACING AND APPLICATIONS OF DSP PROCESSOR: Introduction, Synchronous Serial Interface, A CODEC Interface Circuit. DSP Based Bio-telemetry Receiver, A Speech Processing System, An Image Processing System. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Digital Signal Processing”, Avatar Singh and S. Srinivasan, Thomson Learning, 2004.


1. Digital Signal Processing: A practical approach, Ifeachor E. C., Jervis B. W Pearson-Education, PHI/ 2002

2. “Digital Signal Processors”, B Venkataramani and M Bhaskar TMH, 2nd, 2010

3. “Architectures for Digital Signal Processing”, Peter Pirsch John Weily, 2008

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MICRO AND SMART SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY Subject Code : 10MS752 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs./ Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total No. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO MICRO AND SMART SYSTEMS: a) What are smart-material systems? Evolution of smart materials, structures and systems. Components of a smart system. Application areas. Commercial products. b) What are microsystems? Feynman’s vision. Micromachined transducers. Evolution of micro-manufacturing. Multi-disciplinary aspects. Applications areas. Commercial products. 6 Hours

UNIT - 2 MICRO AND SMART DEVICES AND SYSTEMS: PRINCIPLES AND MATERIALS: a) Definitions and salient features of sensors, actuators, and systems. b) Sensors: silicon capacitive accelerometer, piezo-resistive pressure sensor, blood analyzer, conductometric gas sensor, fiber-optic gyroscope and surface-acoustic-wave based wireless strain sensor. c) Actuators: silicon micro-mirror arrays, piezo-electric based inkjet print-head, electrostatic comb-drive and micromotor, magnetic micro relay, shape-memory-alloy based actuator, electro-thermal actuator. d) Systems: micro gas turbine, portable clinical analyzer, active noise control in a helicopter cabin. 7 Hours

UNIT - 3 MICROMANUFACTURING AND MATERIAL PROCESSING: a. Silicon wafer processing, lithography, thin-film deposition, etching (wet

and dry), wafer-bonding, and metallization. b. Silicon micromachining: surface, bulk, moulding, bonding based process

flows. c. Thick-film processing: d. Smart material processing: e. Processing of other materials: ceramics, polymers and metals f. Emerging trends. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 4 MODELING: a. Scaling issues. b. Elastic deformation and stress analysis of beams and plates. Residual

stresses and stress gradients. Thermal loading. Heat transfer issues. Basic fluids issues.

c. Electrostatics. Coupled electromechanics. Electromagnetic actuation. Capillary electro-phoresis. Piezoresistive modeling. Piezoelectric modeling. Magnetostrictive actuators. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 COMPUTER-AIDED SIMULATION AND DESIGN: Background to the finite element element method. Coupled-domain simulations using Matlab. Commercial software. 6 Hours

UNIT - 6 ELECTRONICS, CIRCUITS AND CONTROL: Carrier concentrations, semiconductor diodes, transistors, MOSFET amplifiers, operational amplifiers. Basic Op-Amp circuits. Charge-measuring circuits. Examples from microsystems. Transfer function, state-space modeling, stability, PID controllers, and model order reduction. Examples from smart systems and micromachined accelerometer or a thermal cycler. 7 Hours

UNIT - 7 INTEGRATION AND PACKAGING OF MICROELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS: Integration of microelectronics and micro devices at wafer and chip levels. Microelectronic packaging: wire and ball bonding, flip-chip. Low-temperature-cofired-ceramic (LTCC) multi-chip-module technology. Microsystem packaging examples. 7 Hours

UNIT - 8 CASE STUDIES: BEL pressure sensor, thermal cycler for DNA amplification, and active vibration control of a beam. 6 Hours

UNIT - 9 Mini-projects and class-demonstrations (not for Examination)

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a) CAD lab (coupled field simulation of electrostatic-elastic actuation with fluid effect) b) BEL pressure sensor c) Thermal-cycler for PCR d) Active control of a cantilever beam TEXT BOOKS AND A CD-SUPPLEMENT:

1. MEMS & Microsystems: Design and Manufacture, Tai-Ran Tsu, Tata Mc-Graw-Hill.

2. “Micro and Smart Systems” by Dr. A.K.Aatre, Prof. Ananth Suresh, Prof.K.J.Vinoy, Prof. S. Gopalakrishna,, Prof. K.N.Bhat.,John Wiley Publications.


1. Animations of working principles, process flows and processing techniques, A CD-supplement with Matlab codes, photographs and movie clips of processing machinery and working devices.

2. Laboratory hardware kits for (i) BEL pressure sensor, (ii) thermal-cycler and (iii) active control of a cantilever beam.

3. Microsystems Design, S. D. Senturia, 2001, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, USA. ISBN 0-7923-7246-8.

4. Analysis and Design Principles of MEMS Devices, Minhang Bao, Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, ISBN 0-444-51616-6.

5. Design and Development Methodologies, Smart Material Systems and MEMS: V. Varadan, K. J. Vinoy, S. Gopalakrishnan, Wiley.

6. MEMS- Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, TMH 2007

ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Subject Code : 10EC753 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 Introduction, history, structure and function of single neuron, neural net architectures, neural learning, use of neural networks. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 2 Supervised learning, single layer networks, perceptions, linear separability, perceptions training algorithm, guarantees of success, modifications. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 Multiclass networks-I, multilevel discrimination, preliminaries, back propagation, setting parameter values, theoretical results. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 Accelerating learning process, application, mandaline, adaptive multilayer networks. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 Prediction networks, radial basis functions, polynomial networks, regularization, unsupervised learning, winner take all networks. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 Learning vector quantizing, counter propagation networks, adaptive resonance theorem, toplogically organized networks, distance based learning, neo-cognition. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 Associative models, hop field networks, brain state networks, Boltzmann machines, hetero associations. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 Optimization using hop filed networks, simulated annealing, random search, evolutionary computation. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Elements of Artificial Neural Networks, Kishan Mehrotra, C. K. Mohan, Sanjay Ranka, Penram, 1997.


1. Artificial Neural Networks , R. Schalkoff, MGH, 1997. 2. Introduction to Artificial Neural Systems , J. Zurada, Jaico, 2003. 3. Neural Networks, Haykins, Pearson Edu., 1999.

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Subject Code : 10EC754 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT – 1&2 INTRODUCTION TO VLSI METHODOLOGIES : VLSI Physical Design Automation - Design and Fabrication of VLSI Devices - Fabrication process and its impact on Physical Design. 12 Hours UNIT – 3&4 A QUICK TOUR OF VLSI DESIGN AUTOMATION TOOLS: Data structures and Basic Algorithms, Algorithmic Graph theory and computational complexity, Tractable and Intractable problems. 14 Hours

PART – B UNIT – 5&6 GENERAL PURPOSE METHODS FOR COMBINATIONAL OPTIMIZATION: partitioning, floor planning and pin assignment, placement, routing. 14 Hours UNIT – 7&8 SIMULATION-LOGIC SYNTHESIS: Verification-High level synthesis - Compaction. Physical Design Automation of FPGAs, MCMS-VHDL-Verilog-Implementation of Simple circuits using VHDL and Verilog. 12 Hours REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. “Algorithms for VLSI Physical Design Automation” , N. A. Shervani, 1999.

2. “Algorithms for VLSI Design Automation” , S. H. Gerez, 1998. 3. Embedded Systems : Architecture, Programming, and Design,

Raj Kamal, 2nd Edn. TMH, 2008. REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. Embedded System Design – A certified Hardware / Software Introduction, Frank Vahid, John Wikey & Sons, 2002.

2. An embedded Software Primer by David E Simon, Pearson Edition 1999.

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Subject Code : 10EC755 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE EMBEDDED SYSTEMS: An embedded System, Processor embedded into a system (A). Embedded Hardware Units and devices in a system, Embedded software in a system, Examples of embedded systems, Embedded system-on-chip (SoC) and use of VLSI circuits design technology (A), Complex systems design and processors, Design process in embedded system, Formalism of system design, Design process and design examples, Classification of embedded systems, Skills required for an embedded system designer.

5 Hours UNIT - 2 8051 AND ADVANCED PROCESSOR ARCHITECTURE: 8051 Architecture, Real world interfacing, Introduction to advanced architecture Processor and memory architecture, Instruction level parallelism, Performance metrics Memory types and addresses, Processor selection, Memory selection.

5 Hours UNIT - 3 DEVICES AND COMMUNICATION BUSES FOR DEVICES NETWORK: Devices and Communication buses for Networks, Serial communication devices Parallel port devices, Sophisticated interfacing features in device ports, Wireless communication devices, Timer and counting devices, Watchdog timers, Real time clocks Parallel bus device protocols – parallel communication network using the ISA, PCI, PCI-X and advanced buses, Wireless and mobile system protocols..

6 Hours UNIT - 4 DEVICE DRIVERS AND INTERRUPTS SERVICING MECHANISM: Port or device access without interrupt servicing mechanism, Interrupt service routine, thread and device driver concept, Interrupt sources, Interrupt servicing (handling) mechanism Multiple interrupts, Context and the periods

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for context-switching, interrupt latency and Deadline Classification of processors interrupt service mechanism from context saving angle Direct memory access, Device driver programming, Parallel port device drivers in a system Serial port device drivers in a system, Timer devices and devices interrupts.

8 Hours PART – B

UNIT - 5 PROGRAMMING CONCEPTS AND EMBEDDED PROGRAMMING IN C, C++ AND JAVA: Software programming in assembly language (ALP) and in high level language ‘C’, ‘C’ programming elements: header and source files and preprocessor directives, program elements : macros and functions, Program elements : data types, data structures, modifiers, statements, loops and pointers, Objected oriented programming, Embedded programming in Java, Optimisation of Memory needs.

5 Hours UNIT - 6 PROGRAM MODELING CONCEPTS IN SINGLE AND MULTIPROCESSOR SYSTEMS SOFTWARE – DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: Program models, Data flow graph models, State machine programming models for event controlled programs, Modeling of multiprocessor systems, UML modeling.

5 Hours UNIT - 7 REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS – 1: INTER PROCESS COMMUNICATION AND SYNCHRONISATION OF PROCESSES, TASK AND THREADS: Multiple processes in an application, Multiple threads in an applications, Task Tasks and states, Tasks and data, Clear cut distinction between Functions, ISRs and Tasks by their Characteristics, Concept of semaphores, Shared data, Inter process communications Signals, Semaphores, Message queues, Mailboxes, Pipes, Sockets, Remote procedure calls (RPCs)..

8 Hours UNIT - 8 REAL TIME OPERATING SYSTEMS: Operating system service, Process management, Timer functions, Event functions, Memory management, Device, file and IO subsystems management Interrupt routines in RTOS environment and handling of interrupt source calls by RTOS Introduction to Real time Operating System, Basic design using a Real Time Operating System, RTOS Task Scheduling Models, Latency, Response Times, Deadline

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as Performance Metric, OS security issues, IEEE Standard POSIX 1003.1 b Functions for Standardisation of RTOS an Inter Process Communication Functions, Types of Real Time Operating Systems RTOSµC/OS-II, RTOS Vx Works.

10 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Embedded System Architecture & Programming by Raj Kamal, TMH, 2008 (latest edition).

2. An embedded Software Primer by David E Simon, Pearson Edition 1999.


1. Introduction to Embedded System Design – A certified Hardware / Software by Bank Vahid, John Wikey & Sons, 2002.

2. An embedded Software Primer by David E Simon, Pearson Edition 1999.

Lab Work: (Part of the theory class) 1. Write C prog to initialize the I/O ports and interface the following:

a. LED / LCD Display b. Stepper Motor c. Elevator

DIGITAL CMOS CIRCUITS: Overview, Design and performance analysis of CMSO inverter, Logic Gate Circuits, Pass-transistor logic, Dynamic Logic Circuits, SPICE examples. TEXT BOOK:

1. Microelectronic Circuits, Adel Sedra and K.C. Smith, 5th Edition, Oxford University Press, International Veersion, 2009.


1. Fundamentals of Microelectronics, Behzad Razavi, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd., 2008.

2. Microelectronics – Analysis and Design, Sundaram Natarajan, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007.

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Subject Code : 10EC756 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 PRODUCTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SPEECH SOUNDS: Introduction, mechanism of speech production. Acoustic phonetics: vowels, diphthongs, semivowels, nasals, fricatives, stops and affricates. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 TIME-DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING: time dependent processing of speech, short-time energy and average magnitude, short-time average zero crossing rate. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 Speech vs. silence detection, pitch period estimation using parallel processing approach, short-time autocorrelation function. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 Brief Applications of temporal processing of speech signals in synthesis, enhancement, hearing applications and clear speech. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 FREQUENCY DOMAIN METHODS FOR SPEECH PROCESSING: Introduction, definitions and properties: Fourier transforms interpretation and linear filter interpretation, sampling rates in time and frequency.

7 Hours UNIT - 6 Filter bank summation and overlap add methods for short-time synthesis of speech, sinusoidal and harmonic plus noise method of analysis/synthesis. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 7 hom*oMORPHIC SPEECH PROCESSING: Introduction, hom*omorphic system for convolution, the complex cepstrum of speech, hom*omorphic vocoder.

6 Hours UNIT - 8 APPLICATIONS OF SPEECH PROCESSING: Brief applications of speech processing in voice response systems hearing aid design and recognition systems. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Digital Processing of Speech Signals, L. R. Rabiner and R. W. Schafer, Pearson Education Asia, 2004.


1. Discrete Time Speech Signal Processing, T. F. Quatieri, Pearson Education Asia, 2004.

2. Speech and Audio Signal Processing: Processing and Perception of Speech and Music, B. Gold and N. Morgan, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2004.


Subject Code : 10EC761 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 C++, AN OVERVIEW: Getting started, the C++ program, Preprocessor Directives, The Built-In Array Data Type, Dynamic Memory Allocation and Pointers, An Object – based Design, An Object-Oriented Design, An Exception – based Design, An array. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 THE BASIC LANGUAGE: Literal Constant, Variables, Pointer Type, String Types, const Qualifier, Reference Types, the bool type, Enumeration types, Array types. The vector container type. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 3 OPERATORS: Arithmetic Operators, Equality, Relational and Logical operators, Assignment operators, Increment and Decrement operator, The conditional Operator, Bitwise operator, bitset operations. Statements: if, switch, for Loop, while, break, goto, continue statements.

7 Hours UNIT - 4 FUNCTIONS: Prototype, Argument passing, Recursion and linear function. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 EXCEPTION HANDLING: Throwing an Exception, Catching an exception, Exception Specification and Exceptions and Design Issues. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 CLASSES: Definition, Class Objects, Class Initailization, Class constructior, The class destructor, Class Object Arrays and Vectors. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 Overload Operators, Operators ++ and --, Operators new and delete. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 Multiple Inheritances, public, private & protected inheritance, Class scope under Inheritance. 6 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. C++ Primer, S. B. Lippman & J. Lajoie, 3rd Edition, Addison Wesley, 2000.


1. C++ Program Design: An Introduction to Programming and Object- Oriented Design. Cohoon and Davidson, 3rd Edn. TMH publication. 2004.

2. Object Oriented Programming using C++, R. Lafore, Galgotia Publications, 2004.

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Subject Code : 10EC762 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO REAL-TIME SYSTEMS: Historical background, RTS Definition, Classification of Real-time Systems, Time constraints, Classification of Programs. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 CONCEPTS OF COMPUTER CONTROL: Introduction, Sequence Control, Loop control, Supervisory control, Centralised computer control, Distributed system, Human-computer interface, Benefits of computer control systems. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 COMPUTER HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS FOR RTS: Introduction, General purpose computer, Single chip microcontroller, Specialized processors, Process-related Interfaces, Data transfer techniques, Communications, Standard Interface. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 LANGUAGES FOR REAL-TIME APPLICATIONS: Introduction, Syntax layout and readability, Declaration and Initialization of Variables and Constants, Modularity and Variables, Compilation, Data types, Control Structure, Exception Handling, Low-level facilities, Co routines, Interrupts and Device handling, Concurrency, Real-time support, Overview of real-time languages. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 & 6 OPERATING SYSTEMS: Introduction, Real-time multi-tasking OS, Scheduling strategies, Priority Structures, Task management, Scheduler and real-time clock interrupt handles, Memory Management, Code sharing, Resource control, Task co-operation and communication, Mutual exclusion, Data transfer, Liveness, Minimum OS kernel, Examples. 14 Hours

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UNIT - 7 DESIGN OF RTSS – GENERAL INTRODUCTION: Introduction, Specification documentation, Preliminary design, Single-program approach, Foreground/background, Multi-tasking approach, Mutual exclusion, Monitors. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 RTS DEVELOPMENT METHODOLOGIES: Introduction, Yourdon Methodology, Requirement definition for Drying Oven, Ward and Mellor Method, Hately and Pirbhai Method. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. Real - Time Computer Control- An Introduction , Stuart Bennet, 2nd

Edn. Pearson Education. 2005. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis, Phillip. A. Laplante, second

edition, PHI, 2005. 2. Real-Time Systems Development, Rob Williams, Elsevier. 2006. 3. Embedded Systems, Raj Kamal, Tata Mc Graw Hill, India, 2005.

IMAGE PROCESSING Subject Code : 10EC763 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS: What is Digital Image Processing. fundamental Steps in Digital Image Processing, Components of an Image processing system, elements of Visual Perception. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 Image Sensing and Acquisition, Image Sampling and Quantization, Some Basic Relationships between Pixels, Linear and Nonlinear Operations. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 3 IMAGE TRANSFORMS: Two-dimensional orthogonal & unitary transforms, properties of unitary transforms, two dimensional discrete Fourier transform. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 Discrete cosine transform, sine transform, Hadamard transform, Haar transform, Slant transform, KL transform. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 IMAGE ENHANCEMENT: Image Enhancement in Spatial domain, Some Basic Gray Level Trans -formations, Histogram Processing, Enhancement Using Arithmetic/Logic Operations. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 Basics of Spatial Filtering Image enhancement in the Frequency Domain filters, Smoothing Frequency Domain filters, Sharpening Frequency Domain filters, hom*omorphic filtering. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 Model of image degradation/restoration process, noise models, Restoration in the Presence of Noise, Only-Spatial Filtering Periodic Noise Reduction by Frequency Domain Filtering, Linear Position-Invariant Degradations, inverse filtering, minimum mean square error (Weiner) Filtering,

7 Hours UNIT - 8 Color Fundamentals. Color Models, Pseudo color Image Processing., processing basics of full color image processing 6 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Digital Image Processing”, Rafael C.Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, etl , TMH , 2nd Edition 2010.


1. “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, Anil K. Jain, Pearson Education, 2001.

2. “Digital Image Processing and Analysis”, B. Chanda and D. Dutta Majumdar, PHI, 2003.

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Subject Code : 10EC764 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 OVERVIEW OF WIRELESS PRINCIPLES: A brief history of wireless systems, Noncellular wireless applications, Shannon, Modulations & Alphabet Soup, Propagation. 3 Hours PASSIVE RLC NETWORKS: Introduction, Parallel RLC Tank, Series RLC Networks, Other RLC networks, RLC Networks as impedance Transformers. 4 Hours UNIT - 2 CHARACTERISTICS OF PASSIVE IC COMPONENTS: Introduction, Interconnect at radio frequencies: Skin effect, resisters, Capacitors, Inductors, Transformers, Interconnect options at high frequency. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 A REVIEW OF MOS DEVICE PHYSICS: Introduction, A little history, FETs, MOSFET physics, The long – channels approximation, operation in weak inversion (sub threshold), MOS device physics in the short – channel regime, Other effects. 3 Hours DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS: Introduction, Link between lumped and distributed regimes driving-point impedance of iterated structures, Transmission lines in more detail, Behavior of Finite – length transmission lines, summary of transmission line equations, artificial lines. 4 Hours UNIT - 4 THE SMITH CHART AND S-PARAMETERS: Introduction, The smith chart, S-parameters, Band Width Estimation Techniques, Introduction, The method of open – circuit time constant, The method of short circuit time constant, Risetime, Delay and bandwidth. 6 Hours

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PART – B UNIT - 5 HIGH FREQUENCY AMPLIFIER DESIGN: Introduction, Zeros as bandwidth Enhancers, The shunt –series amplifier, Bandwidth Enhancement with fT Doublers, Tuned amplifiers, Neutralization and unilateralization, Cascaded amplifiers, AM – PM conversion. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 VOLTAGE REFERENCES AND BIASING: Introduction, Review of diode behavior, Diodes and bipolar transistors in CMOS technology, Supply –independent bias circuits, Bandgap voltage reference, Constant gm bias. Noise: Introduction, Thermal noise, Shot noise, Flicker noise, Popcorn noise, Classical two- port noise theory, Examples of noise calculations, A handy rule of thumb, Typical noise performance. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 LOW NOISE AMPLIFIER DESIGN: Introduction, Derivation of intrinsic MOSFET two-port noise parameters, LNA topologies: Power match versus noise match, Power-constrained noise optimization, Design examples, linearity and large signal performance, Spurious – free Dynamic range. Mixers: Introduction, Mixer fundamental, Nonlinear systems as linear mixers. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 Multiplier – based mixers, Sub sampling mixers, Diode ring mixers, RF power amplifiers, Introduction, general considerations, Class A, AB, B and C power amplifier, Class D amplifiers, Class E amplifiers Class F amplifiers, Modulation of power amplifiers, summary of PA characteristics, RF PA design examples, additional design considerations, Design summery. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. The design of CMOS radio-frequency integrated circuit , Thomas H. Lee, 2nd edition Cambridge, 2004.


1. Design of Analog CMOS integrated circuit, Behzad Razavi, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 2005.

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Subject Code : 10EC765 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 CONTINUOUS WAVELET TRANSFORM: Introduction, C-T wavelets, Definition of CWT, The CWT as a correlation. Constant Q-Factor Filtering Interpolation and time frequency resolution, the CWT as an operator, inverse CWT. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 INTRODUCTION TO DISCRETE WAVELET TRANSFORM AND ORTHOGONAL WAVELET DECOMPOSITION: Introduction. Approximation of vectors in nested linear vector spaces, (i) example of approximating vectors in nested subspaces of a finite dimensional liner vector space, (ii) Example of approximating vectors in nested subspaces of an infinite dimensional linear vector space. Example MRA. (i) Bases for the approximations subspaces and Harr scaling function, (ii) Bases for detail subspaces and Haar wavelet. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 MRA, ORTHO NORMAL WAVELETS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO FILTER BANKS: Introduction, Formal definition of an MRA. Construction of a general orthonormal MRA, (i) scaling function and subspaces, (ii) Implication of dilation equation and orthogonality, a wavelet basis for MRA. (i) Two scale relations for (t), (ii) Basis for the detail subspace (iii) Direct sum decomposition, Digital filtering interpolation (i) Decomposition filters, (ii) reconstruction, the signal. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 EXAMPLES OF WAVELETS: Examples of orthogonal basis generating wavelets, (i) Daubechies D4 scaling function and wavelet. (ii) band limited wavelets, Interpreting orthonormal MRAs for Discrete time MRA, (iii) Basis functions for DTWT. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 5 ALTERNATIVE WAVELET REPRESENTATIONS: Introduction, Bi-orthogonal wavelet bases, Filtering relationship for bi-orthogonal filters, Examples of bi-orthogonal scaling functions and wavelets. 2-D wavelets. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 Non - separable multidimensional wavelets, wavelet packets. Wavelets Transform and Data Compression: Introduction, transform coding, DTWT for image compression (i) Image compression using DTWT and run-length encoding. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 (i) Embedded tree image coding (ii) compression with JPEG audio compression (iii) Audio masking, (iv) Wavelet based audio coding. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 CONSTRUCTION OF SIMPLE WAVELETS: Construction of simple wavelets like Harr and DB1. Other Applications of Wavelet Transforms: Introduction, wavelet de-noising, speckle removal, edge detection and object isolation, Image fusions, Object detection by wavelet transforms of projections. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Wavelet transforms- Introduction to theory and applications, Raghuveer M.Rao and Ajit S. Bapardikar, Person Education, 2000.


1. Wavelet transforms, Prasad and Iyengar, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 2007.

2. Wave-let and filter banks, Gilbert Strang and Nguyen Wellesley Cambridge press, 1996.

3. Insight into WAVELETS from theory to practice, K.P. Soman and K.L. Ramchandran, Eastern Economy Edition, 2008.

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Subject Code : 10EC766 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT – 1&2 DELAY MODELS IN DATA NETWORKS: Queuing Models, M/M/1, M/M/m, M/M/�, M/M/m/m and other Markov System, M/G/1 System, Networks of Transmission Lines, Time Reversibility, Networks of Queues. 12 Hours UNIT – 3&4 MULTI-ACCESS COMMUNICATION: Slotted Multi-access and the Aloha System, Splitting Algorithms, Carrier Sensing, Multi-access Reservations, Packet Radio Networks. 12 Hours


UNIT – 5&6 ROUTING IN DATA NETW ORKS: Introduction, Network Algorithms and Shortest Path Routing, Broadcasting Routing Information: Coping with Link Failures, Flow models, Optimal Routing, and Topological Design, Characterization of Optimal Routing, Feasible Direction Methods for Optimal Routing, Projection Methods for Optimum Routing, Routing in the Codex Network. 14 Hours UNIT – 7&8 FLOW CONTROL: Introduction, Window Flow Control, Rate Control Schemes, Overview of Flow Control in Practice, Rate Adjustment Algorithms. 14 Hours REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. “Data Networks" Dimitri Bertsekas and Robert Gallager, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.

2. “High-Speed Networks and Internets” William Stallings, Pearson Education (Asia) Pte. Ltd, 2004.

3. “High Performance Communication Networks” J. Walrand and P. Varaya, 2nd edition, Harcourt India Pvt. Ltd. & Morgan Kaufman, 2000.

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Subject Code : 10EC81 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 Introduction to wireless telecommunication systems and Networks, History and Evolution Different generations of wireless cellular networks 1G, 2g,3G and 4G networks. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 Common Cellular System components, Common cellular network components, Hardware and software, views of cellular networks, 3G cellular systems components, Cellular component identification Call establishment. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 Wireless network architecture and operation, Cellular concept Cell fundamentals, Capacity expansion techniques, Cellular backbone networks, Mobility management, Radio resources and power management Wireless network security. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 GSM and TDMA techniques, GSM system overview, GSM Network and system Architecture, GSM channel concepts, GSM identifiers 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 GSM system operation, Traffic cases, Cal handoff, Roaming, GSM protocol architecture. TDMA systems. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 CDMA technology, CDMA overview, CDMA channel concept CDMA operations. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 Wireless Modulation techniques and Hardware, Characteristics of air interface, Path loss models, wireless coding techniques, Digital modulation

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techniques, OFDM, UWB radio techniques, Diversity techniques, Typical GSM Hardware. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 Introduction to wireless LAN 802.11X technologies, Evolution of Wireless LAN Introduction to 802.15X technologies in PAN Application and architecture Bluetooth Introduction to Broadband wireless MAN, 802.16X technologies. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Wireless Telecom Systems and networks, Mullet: Thomson Learning 2006.


1. Mobile Cellular Telecommunication, Lee W.C.Y, MGH, 2nd, 2009.

2. Wireless communication - D P Agrawal: 2nd Edition Thomson learning 2007.

3. Fundamentals of Wireless Communication, David Tse, Pramod Viswanath, Cambridge 2005.

4. S. S. Manvi, M. S. Kakkasageri, “Wireles and Mobile Network concepts and protocols”, John Wiley India Pvt. Ltd, 1st edition, 2010.

5. “Wireless Communication – Principles & Practice” , T.S. Rappaport, PHI 2001.

DIGITAL SWITCHING SYSTEMS Subject Code : 10EC82 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 Developments of telecommunications, Network structure, Network services, terminology, Regulation, Standards. Introduction to telecommunications transmission, Power levels, Four wire circuits, Digital transmission, FDM, TDM, PDH and SDH, Transmission performance. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 2 EVOLUTION OF SWITCHING SYSTEMS: Introduction, Message switching, Circuit switching, Functions of switching systems, Distribution systems, Basics of crossbar systems, Electronic switching, Digital switching systems. 6 Hours DIGITAL SWITCHING SYSTEMS: Fundamentals : Purpose of analysis, Basic central office linkages, Outside plant versus inside plant, Switching system hierarchy, Evolution of digital switching systems, Stored program control switching systems, Digital switching system fundamentals, Building blocks of a digital switching system, Basic call processing. 7 Hours

UNIT - 3 TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRAFFIC: Introduction, Unit of traffic, Congestion, Traffic measurement, Mathematical model, lost call systems, Queuing systems. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 SWITCHING SYSTEMS: Introduction, Single stage networks, Gradings, Link Systems, GOS of Linked systems. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 TIME DIVISION SWITCHING: Introduction, space and time switching, Time switching networks, Synchronisation. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 SWITCHING SYSTEM SOFTWARE: Introduction, Scope, Basic software architecture, Operating systems, Database Management, Concept of generic program, Software architecture for level 1 control, Software architecture for level 2 control, Software architecture for level 3 control, Digital switching system software classification, Call models, Connect sequence, Software linkages during call, Call features, Feature flow diagram, Feature interaction. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 MAINTENANCE OF DIGITAL SWITCHING SYSTEM: Introduction, Scope, Software maintenance, Interface of a typical digital switching system central office, System outage and its impact on digital switching system reliability, Impact of software patches on digital switching system

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maintainability, Embedded patcher concept, Growth of digital switching system central office, Generic program upgrade, A methodology for proper maintenance of digital switching system, Effect of firmware deployment on digital switching system, Firmware-software coupling, Switching system maintainability metrics, Upgrade process success rate, Number of patches applied per year, Diagnostic resolution rate, Reported critical and major faults corrected, A strategy improving software quality, Program for software process improvement, Software processes improvement, Software processes, Metrics, Defect analysis, Defect analysis. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 A GENERIC DIGITAL SW ITCHING SYSTEM MODEL: Introduction, Scope, Hardware architecture, Software architecture, Recovery strategy, Simple call through a digital system, Common characteristics of digital switching systems. Analysis report. Reliability analysis. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS:

1. Telecommunication and Switching, Traffic and Networks - J E Flood: Pearson Education, 2002.

2. Digital Switching Systems, Syed R. Ali, TMH Ed 2002. REFERENCE BOOK:

1. Digital Telephony - John C Bellamy: Wiley India India Pvt. Ltd, 3rd Ed, 2008.


Subject Code : 10EC831 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 CHARACTERIZATION OF DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS: Introduction, Examples of distributed systems, Resource sharing and the web, Challenges. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 SYSTEM MODELS: Introduction, Architectural models, Fundamental mode. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 3 INTERPROCESS COMMUNICATION: Introduction, The API for the internet protocols, External data representation and marshalling, Clint-server communication, Group communication. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 DISTRIBUTED OBJECTS AND REMOTE INVOCATION: Introduction, Communication between distributed objects, Remote procedure call, Events and notifications. 6 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 SECURITY: Introduction, Overview of security technique cryptographic algorithms, Digital signature, Cryptography progrmatics. 7 Hours UNIT - 6 TIME & GLOBAL STATES: Introduction, Clocks, Events, Process states, Synchronizing physical clocks, Global states, Distributed debugging. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 COORDINATION AND AGREEMENT: Distributed mutual exclusion, Elections, Multicast communication. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 CORBA CASE STUDY: Introduction, CORBA RMI, CORBA Services. 6 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Distributed Systems, Concepts & Design”, George Coulouris, Jeam Dollimore, Tim Kindberg, fourth edition, 2006. Pearson education.


1. “Distributed System Architecture, a Middleware Approach” Arno puder, Kay Romer, Frank Pilhofer, Morgan Kaufmann publishers.

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Subject Code : 10EC832 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 Services, mechanisms and attacks, The OSI security architecture, A model for network security. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 SYMMETRIC CIPHERS: Symmetric Cipher Model, Substitution Techniques, Transposition Techniques, Simplified DES, Data encryption standard (DES), The strength of DES, Differential and Linear Cryptanalysis, Block Cipher Design Principles and Modes of Operation, Evaluation Criteria for Advanced Encryption Standard, The AES Cipher. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 Principles of Public-Key Cryptasystems, The RSA algorithm, Key Management, Diffie - Hellman Key Exchange, Elliptic Curve Arithmetic, Authentication functions, Hash Functions. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 Digital signatures, Authentication Protocols, Digital Signature Standard. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 Web Security Consideration, Security socket layer (SSL) and Transport layer security, Secure Electronic Transaction. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 Intruders, Intrusion Detection, Password Management. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 MALICIOUS SOFTWARE: Viruses and Related Threats, Virus Countermeasures. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 Firewalls Design Principles, Trusted Systems. 6 Hours

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1. Cryptography and Network Security, William Stalling, Pearson Education, 2003.


1. Cryptography and Network Security, Behrouz A. Forouzan, TMH, 2007.

2. Cryptography and Network Security, Atul Kahate, TMH, 2003.


Subject Code : 10EC833 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL NETWORKS: Telecommunication networks, First generation optical networks, Multiplexing techniques, Second generation optical networks, System and network evolution. Non linear effects SPM, CPM, four wave mixing, Solitons. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 COMPONENTS: Couplers, isolators and Circulators, Multiplexes and filters Optical amplifiers. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 Transmitters, detectors, Switches, Wavelength converters. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 TRANSMISSION SYSTEM ENGINEERING: System model, Power penalty, Transmitter, receiver, optical amplifiers, Crosstalk, Dispersion, Overall design Consideration. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 FIRST GENERATION NETWORKS: SONET/SDH, Computer interconnects, Mans, Layered architecture for SONET and second generation networks. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 6 WAVELENGTH ROUTING NETWORKS: Optical layer, Node design, Network design and operation, routing and wavelength assignment architectural variations. 6 Hours UNIT - 7 VIRTUAL TOPOLOGY DESIGN: Virtual topology design problem, Combines SONET/WDM network design, an ILP formulation, Regular virtual topologies, Control and management, Network management configuration management, Performance management, fault management. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 ACCESS NETWORKS: Network architecture overview, present and future access networks, HFC, FTTC, Optical access networks Deployment considerations, Photonic packet switching, OTDM, Multiplexing and demultiplexing Synchronisation. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Optical networks: A practical perspective Kumar Sivarajan and Rajiv Ramaswamy: Morgan Kauffman 1998.


1. Optical Communication Networks: Biswajit Mukherjee: TMG 1998.

2. Optical Networks, Ulysees Black: Pearson education 2007.


Subject Code : 10EC834 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 History of Communication Networks, Networking principles, Future networks Internet, Pure TAM Network, Cable Network, Wireless. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 NETWORK SERVICES AND LAYERED ARCHITECTURE: Applications, Traffic characterization and quality of services, Network

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services, High performance networks, Network Elements., Layered applications, Open data network model, Network architectures, Network bottlenecks. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 INTERNET AND TCP/IP NETWORKS: Multicast IP, Mobile IP, TCP and UDP, Applications, FTP, SMTP. Internet success and limitations, Performance of TCP/IP Networks, Performance of circuit switched networks. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 SONET, DWDM, FTH, DSL, Intelligent networks CATV. 6 Hours


UNIT - 5 ATM: Main features of ATM, Addressing, signaling and Routing, ATM header structure, ATM AAL, Internetworking with ATM. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 WIRELESS NETWORKS: Link level design, Channel Access, Network design, Wireless networks today, Future networks, ad hoc networks, High speed Digital cellular, Home RF and Bluetooth. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 Control of networks, Objectives and methods of control, Circuit switched networks, Datagram Networks Network economics, Derived demand for network services, ISPs, subscriber demand model, Empirical model. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 OPTICAL NETWORKS: WDM systems, Optical cross connects, Optical LANs, Optical paths and networks. 6 Hours


1. High Performance Communication Networks, Warland and Varaiya: Morgan Kauffman/ Elsivier 2nd Edition 2000.


1. High-Speed Networks and Internet: Performance and Quality of service, William Stallings, Pearson Edu., 2001.

2. Building High-Speed Networks, Tere Parnell, TMGH, 2000.

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Subject Code : 10EC835 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 INTRODUCTION: Communication model, Communication software, and communication protocol: Representation, Development methods, Protocol engineering process. NETWORK REFERENCE MODEL: Layered architecture, Network services and interfaces, protocol functions, OSI model, TCP/IP protocol suite, Application protocols. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 PROTOCOL SPECIFICATION: Communication service specification, Protocol entity specification, Interface specifications, Interactions, Multimedia protocol specifications, Internet protocol specifications. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 SPECIFICATION AND DESCRIPTION LANGUAGE (SDL): A protocol specification language: SDL. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 Examples of SDL based protocol specifications, Other protocol specification languages. Protocol Verification And Validation, Protocol verification, Verification of a protocol using finite state machines. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 Protocol validation, Protocol design errors, and protocol validation approaches, SDL based protocol verification, SDL based protocol validation. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 PROTOCOL CONFORMANCE TESTING: Conformance testing methodology and framework, Conformance test architectures, Test sequence generation methods, Distribute architecture by local methods, Conformance testing with TTCN, Conformance testing of RIP, Multimedia applications testing, SDL based tools for conformance testing. 7 Hours

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UNIT - 7 PROTOCOL PERFORMANCE TESTING: SDL based performance testing of TCP, OSPF, Interoperability testing, SDL based interoperability testing of CSMA/CD and CSMA/CA protocol using bridge, Scalability testing. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 PROTOCOL SYNTHESIS: Synthesis methods, interactive synthesis algorithms, automatic synthesis algorithm, automatic synthesis of SDL from MSC protocol re synthesis. 6 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Communication Protocol Engineering, P. Venkatarm and S. S. Manvi, PHI, 2004.


1. The Internet and its Protocols, Adrian Farrel, Elsevier, 2006. 2. TCP/IP Protocol Stack, B A Forouzan, TMH, 2006.


Subject Code : 10EC841 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 MULTIMEDIA COMMUNICATIONS: Introduction, multimedia information representation, multimedia networks, multimedia applications, media types, communication modes, network types, multipoint conferencing, network QoS application QoS. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 MULTIMEDIA INFORMATION REPRESENTATION: Introduction, digital principles, text, images, audio, video. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 TEXT AND IMAGE COMPRESSION: Introduction, compression principles, text compression, image compression. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 4 AUDIO AND VIDEO COMPRESSION: Introduction, audio compression, DPCM, ADPCM, APC, LPC, video compression, video compression principles, H.261, H.263, MPEG, MPEG-1, MPEG-2, and MPEG-4. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 MULTIMEDIA INFORMATION NETWORKS: Introduction, LANs, Ethernet, Token ring, Bridges, FDDI High-speed LANs, LAN protocol. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 THE INTERNET: Introduction, IP Datagrams, Fragmentation, IP Address, ARP and RARP, QoS Support, IPv8. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 BROADBAND ATM NETWORKS: Introduction, Cell format, Switfh and Protocol Architecture ATM LANs. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 TRANSPORT PROTOCOL: Introduction, TCP/IP, TCP, UDP, RTP and RTCP. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. Multimedia Communications: Applications, Networks, Protocols and Standards, Fred Halsall, Pearson Education, Asia, Second Indian reprint 2002.


1. Multimedia Information Networking , Nalin K. Sharda, PHI, 2003.

2. “Multimedia Fundamentals: Vol 1 - Media Coding and Content Processing”, Ralf Steinmetz, Klara Narstedt, Pearson Education, 2004.

3. “Multimedia Systems Design”, Prabhat K. Andleigh, Kiran Thakrar, PHI, 2004.

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Subject Code : 10EC842 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100

PART – A UNIT 1 Introduction to Real-Time Embedded Systems: Brief history of Real Time Systems, A brief history of Embedded Systems. 6 Hours UNIT 2 System Resources: Resource Analysis, Real-Time Service Utility, Scheduling Classes, The Cyclic Esecutive, Scheduler Concepts, Preemptive Fixed Priority Scheduling Policies, Real-Time OS, Thread Safe Reentrant Functions. 7 Hours UNIT 3 Processing: Preemptive Fixed-Priority Policy, Feasibility, Rate Montonic least upper bound, Necessary and Sufficient feasibility, Deadline – Monotonic Policy, Dynamic priority policies. 6 Hours UNIT 4 I/O Resources: Worst-case Execution time, Intermediate I/O, Execution efficiency, I/O Architecture. Memory: Physical hierarchy, Capacity and allocation, Shared Memory, ECC Memory, Flash filesystems. 7 Hours


UNIT 5 Multiresource Services: Blocking, Deadlock and livestock, Critical sections to protect shared resources, priority inversion. Soft Real-Time Services: Missed Deadlines, QoS, Alternatives to rate monotonic policy, Mixed hard and soft real-time services. 7 Hours

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UNIT 6 Embedded System Components: Firmware components, RTOS system software mechanisms, Software application components. Debugging Components: Execptions assert, Checking return codes, Single-step debugging, kernel scheduler traces, Test access ports, Trace ports, Power-On self test and diagnostics, External test equipment, Application-level debugging. 7 Hours UNIT 7 Performance Tuning: Basic concepts of drill-down tuning, hardware – supported profiling and tracing, Building performance monitoring into software, Path length, Efficiency, and Call frequency, Fundamental optimizations. 6 Hours UNIT 8 High availability and Reliability Design: Reliability and Availability, Similarities and differences, Reliability, Reliable software, Available software, Design trade offs, Hierarchical applications for Fail-safe design. Design of RTOS – PIC microcontroller. (Chap 13 of book Myke Predko) 7 Hours REFERENCE BOOKS:

1. “Real-Time Embedded Systems and Components” Sam Siewert, Cengage Learning India Edition, 2007.

2. “ Programming and Customizing the PIC microcontroller” , Myke Predko, 3rd Ed, TMH, 2008


Subject Code : 10EC843 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 GSM ARCHITECTURE AND INTERFACES: Introduction, GSM frequency bands, GSM PLMN, Objectives of a GSM PLMN, GSM PLMN Services, GSM Subsystems, GSM Subsystems entities, GSM interfaces, The radio interface (MS to BSC), Abits interface (BTS to BSC), A interface (BSC

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to MSC), Interfaces between other GSM entities, Mapping of GSM layers onto OSI layers. 6 Hours UNIT - 2 RADIO LINK FEATURES IN GSM SYSTEMS: Introduction, Radio link measurements, Radio link features of GSM, Dynamic power control, Discontinuous transmission (DTX), SFH, Future techniques to reduce interface in GSM, Channel borrowing, Smart antenna. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 GSM LOGICAL CHANNELS AND FRAME STRUCTURE: Introduction, GSM logical channels, Allowed logical channel combinations, TCH multi frame for TCH/H, CCH multi frame, GSM frame structure, GSM bursts, Normal burst, Synchronization burst, Frequency correction channel burst, Access burst, Data encryption in GSM, Mobility management, Location registration, Mobile identification. 7 Hours UNIT - 4 SPEECH CODING IN GSM: Introduction, Speech coding methods, Speech code attributes, Transmission bit rate, Delay, Complexity, Quality, LPAS, ITU-T standards, Bit rate, Waveform coding, Time domain waveform coding, Frequency domain waveform coding, Vocoders, Full-rate vocoder, Half-rate vocoder. MESSAGES, SERVICES, AND CALL FLOWS IN GSM: Introduction, GSM PLMN services. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 GSM messages, MS-BS interface, BS to MSC messages on the A interface, MSC to VLR and HLR, GSM call setup by an MS, Mobile-Terminated call, Call release, Handover. Data services, Introduction, Data interworking, GSM data services, Interconnection for switched data, Group 3 fax, Packet data on the signaling channel, User-to-user signaling, SMS, GSM GPRS. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 PRIVACY AND SECURITY IN GSM: Introduction, Wireless security requirements, Privacy of communications, Authentication requirements, System lifetime requirements, Physical requirements, SIM cards, Security algorithms for GSM, Token-based authentication, Token-based registration, Token-based challenge.

6 Hours UNIT - 7 PLANNING AND DESIGN OF A GSM WIRELESS NETWORK: Introduction, Tele traffic models, Call model, Topology model, Mobility in

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cellular / PCS networks, Application of a fluid flow model, Planning of a wireless network, Radio design for a cellular / PCS network, Radio link design, Coverage planning, Design of a wireless system, Service requirements, Constraints for hardware implementation, Propagation path loss, System requirements, Spectral efficiency of a wireless system, Receiver sensitivity and link budget, Selection of modulation scheme, Design of TDMA frame, Relationship between delay spread and symbol rate, Design example for a GSM system. 7 Hours UNIT - 8 MANAGEMENT OF GSM NETWORKS: Introduction, Traditional approaches to NM, TMN, TMN layers, TMN nodes, TMN interface, TMN management services, Management requirements for wireless networks, Management of radio resources, Personal mobility management, Terminal mobility, Service mobility management, Platform-centered management, SNMP, OSI systems management, NM interface and functionality, NMS functionality, OMC functionality, Management of GSM network, TMN applications, GSM information model, GSM containment tree, Future work items.

7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Principles of Applications of GSM” , Vijay K. Garg & Joseph E. Wilkes, Pearson education/ PHI, 1999.


1. GSM: Evolution towards 3rd Generation Systems, (Editor), Z. Zvonar Peter Jung, Karl Kammerlander Springer; 1st edition 1998

2. GSM & UMTS: The Creation of Global Mobile Communication, Friedhelm Hillebrand, John Wiley & Sons; 2001.


Subject Code : 10EC844 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 AD HOC NETWORKS: Introduction, Issues in Ad hoc wireless networks, Ad hoc wireless internet. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 2 MAC PROTOCOLS FOR AD HOC WIRELESS NETWORKS: Introduction, Issues in designing a MAC protocol for Ad hoc wireless Networks, Design goals of a MAC protocol for Ad hoc wireless Networks, Classification of MAC protocols. 7 Hours UNIT - 3 Contention - based MAC protocols with scheduling mechanism, MAC protocols that use directional antennas, Other MAC protocols. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 ROUTING PROTOCOLS FOR AD HOC WIRELESS NETWORKS: Introduction, Issues in designing a routing protocol for Ad hoc wireless Networks, Classification of routing protocols, Table drive routing protocol, On-demand routing protocol. 7 Hours


UNIT - 5 Hybrid routing protocol, Routing protocols with effective flooding mechanisms, Hierarchical routing protocols, Power aware routing protocols. 6 Hours UNIT - 6 TRANSPORT LAYER PROTOCOLS FOR AD HOC WIRELESS NETWORKS: Introduction, Issues in designing a transport layer protocol for Ad hoc wireless Networks, Design goals of a transport layer protocol for Ad hoc wireless Networks. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 SECURITY: Security in wireless Ad hoc wireless Networks, Network security requirements, Issues & challenges in security provisioning. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 QUALITY OF SERVICE IN AD HOC WIRELESS NETWORKS: Introduction, Issues and challenges in providing QoS in Ad hoc wireless Networks, Classification of QoS solutions. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Ad hoc wireless Networks”, C. Siva Ram Murthy & B. S. Manoj, Pearson Education, 2nd Edition, reprint 2005.

Scheme & Syllabus - VTU - [PDF Document] (114)


REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. “Ad hoc wireless Networks”, Ozan K. Tonguz and Gianguigi

Ferrari, Wiley 2. “Ad hoc wireless Networking”, Xiuzhen Cheng, Xiao Hung, Ding-

Zhu Du, Kluwer Academic publishers.


Subject Code : 10EC845 IA Marks : 25 No. of Lecture Hrs/Week : 04 Exam Hours : 03 Total no. of Lecture Hrs. : 52 Exam Marks : 100


UNIT - 1 MATHEMATICAL AND DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTALS: Introduction, Fourier Transform, discrete Fourier transform, basic diffraction theory, Fourier transform property of lens , sampling and quantization, image enhancement, image restoration. 7 Hours UNIT - 2 LINER OPTICAL PROCESSING: Introduction, photographic film, spatial filtering using binary filters, holography, inverse filtering, Deblurring. 6 Hours UNIT - 3 ANALOG OPTICAL ARITHMETIC: Introduction, Halftone processing, nonlinear optical processing, Arithmetic operations. 6 Hours UNIT - 4 RECOGNITION USING ANALOG OPTICAL SYSTEMS: Introduction, Matched filter, Joint transform correlation, Phase-only filter, Amplitude modulated recognition filters, Generalized correlation filter, Melllin transform based correlation. 7 Hours

PART – B UNIT - 5 DIGITAL OPTICAL COMPUTING DEVICES: Introduction, Nonlinear devices, Integrated optics, Threshold devices, Spatial high modulators, Theta modulation devices. 6 Hours

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UNIT - 6 SHADOW-CASTING AND SYMBOLIC SUBSTITUTION: Introduction, Shadow casting system and design algorithm, POSC logic operations, POSC multiprocessor, Parallel ALU using POSC, Sequential ALU using POSC, POSC image processing, Symbolic substitutions, Optical implementation of symbolic substitution, Limitations and challenges. 7 Hours UNIT - 7 OPTICAL MATRIX PROCESSING: I ntroduction, Multiplication, Multiplication using convolution, Matrix operations, Cellular logic architecture, Programmable logic array. 6 Hours UNIT - 8 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENT COMPUTATIONS: Introduction, Neural networks, Associative memory, Optical implementations, Interconnections, Artificial Intelligence. 7 Hours TEXT BOOK:

1. “Optical Computing An Introduction” , Mohammed A. Karim, John Wiley & Sons, 1992.


1. Optical Signal Processing by Vanderlugnt John willy & sons NY 1992.

2. Signal Processing in Optics - Bradly G Boore Oxford University Press 1998.


Scheme & Syllabus - VTU - [PDF Document] (2024)
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